August 13

1521 - Present day Mexico City was captured by Spanish conqueror Hernando Cortez from the Aztec Indians. 

1704 - The Battle of Blenheim was fought during the War of the Spanish Succession, resulting in a victory for English and Austrian forces. 

1792 - French revolutionaries took the entire French royal family and imprisoned them. 

1784 - The United States Legislature met for the final time in Annapolis, MD. 

1846 - The American Flag was raised for the first time in Los Angeles, CA. 

1867 - "Under the Gaslight", by Augustin Daly, opened in New York City, NY. 

1876 - The Reciprocity Treaty between the U.S. and Hawaii was ratified. 

1889 - A patent for a coin-operated telephone was issued to William Gray. 

1907 - The first taxicab started on the streets of New York City. 

1912 - The first experimental radio license was issued to St. Joseph's College in Philadelphia, PA. 

1931 - The first community hospital in the U.S. was dedicated in Elk City, OK. 

1932 - Adolf Hitler refused to take the post of vice-chancellor of Germany. He said he was going to hold out "for all or nothing." 

1934 - Al Capp's comic strip "L'il Abner" made its debut in newspapers. 

1935 - The first roller derby match was held at the Coliseum in Chicago, IL. 

1942 - Walt Disney's "Bambi" opened at Radio City Music Hall in New York City, NY. 
Disney movies, music and books 

1959 - In New York, ground was broken on the $320 million Verrazano Narrows Bridge. 

1960 - "Echo I," a balloon satellite, allowed the first two-way telephone conversation by satellite to take place. 

1961 - Berlin was divided by a barbed wire fence to halt the flight of refugees. Two days later work on the Berlin Wall began. 

1979 - Lou Brock (St. Louis Cardinals) got his 3,000th career hit. 

1985 - The engagement of Maria Shriver and Arnold Schwarzenagger was announced. 

1986 - United States Football League standout Herschel Walker signed to play with the Dallas Cowboys of the National Football League. 

1990 - Iraq transferred $3-4 billion in bullion, currency, and other goods seized from Kuwait to Baghdad. 

1992 - Woody Allen began legal action to win custody of his three children. A judge ruled against Allen in 1993. 

1994 - It was reported that aspirin not only helps reduce the risk of heart disease, but also helps prevent colon cancer.