August 12

1676 - "King Phillip's War" came to an end with the killing of Indian chief King Phillip. The war between the Indians and the Europeans lasted for two years. 

1851 - Isaac Singer was issued a patent on the double-headed sewing machine. 

1865 - Disinfectant was used for the first time during surgery by Joseph Lister. 

1867 - U.S. President Andrew Johnson sparked a move to impeach him when he defied Congress by suspending Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton. 

1877 - Thomas Edison invented the phonograph and made the first sound recording. 

1879 - The first National Archery Association tournament took place in Chicago, IL. 

1898 - Hawaii was annexed by the U.S. Hawaii was later given territorial status and was given Statehood in 1959. 

1898 - The Spanish-American War was ended with the signing of the peace protocol. The U.S. acquired Guam, Puerto Rico and the Philippines. Hawaii was also annexed. 

1915 - "Of Human Bondage", by William Somerset Maugham, was first published. 

1918 - Regular airmail service began between Washington, DC, and New York City. 

1937 - Red Skelton appeared on network radio for the first time on the "Rudy Vallee Show" on NBC. 

1939 - "The Wizard of Oz" premiered in Oconomowoc, WI. Judy Garland became famous for the movie's song "Somewhere Over the Rainbow." The movie premiered in Hollywood on August 15th. 

1944 - In France, Pierre Laval released Edouard Herriot. 

1953 - The Soviet Union secretly tested its first hydrogen bomb. 

1960 - The balloon satellite Echo One was launched by the U.S. from Cape Canaveral, FL. It was the first communications satellite. 

1962 - The Soviet Union launched Pavel Popovich into orbit. Popovich and Andrian Nikolayev, who was launch a day before, both landed on August 15. 

1964 - Mickey Mantle set a major league baseball record when he hit home runs from both the left and ride sides of the plate in the same game. 

1969 - The Boston Celtics were sold for $6 million. At the time it was the highest price paid for a pro basketball team. 

1973 - Jack Nicklaus won his 14th major golf title. The win broke the record that had been held by Bobby Jones for 50 years. 

1977 - The space shuttle Enterprise passed its first solo flight test. 

1981 - IBM unveiled its first PC. 

1985 - A Japan Air Lines Boeing 747 crashed into a mountain killing 520 people. 

1986 - It was announced by NASA that they had selected a new rocket design for the space shuttle. The move was made in an effort at correcting the flaws that were believed to have been responsible for the Challenger disaster. 

1986 - Rod Carew became the first player in the history of the California Angels franchise to have his uniform (#29) retired. 

1988 - "The Last Temptation of Christ" opened. 

1992 - The U.S., Canada, and Mexico announced that the North American Free Trade Agreement had been created after 14 months of negotiations. 

1993 - U.S. President Clinton lifted the ban on rehiring air traffic controllers that had been fired for going on strike in 1981. 

1994 - Major league baseball players went on strike rather than allow team owners to limit their salaries. The strike lasted for 232 days. As a result, the World Series was wiped out for the first time in 90 years. 

1998 - Swiss banks agreed to pay $1.25 billion as restitution to World War II Holocaust victims. 

1999 - Hang Thu Thi Ngyuen shot an arrow from a bow with her feet on "Guinness World Records: Primetime" and hit a target that was 16 feet and 5 inches away.