August 30

1146 - European leaders outlawed the crossbow. 

1645 - American Indians and the Dutch made a peace treaty at New Amsterdam. New Amsterdam later became known as New York. 

1682 - William Penn sailed from England and later established the colony of Pennsylvania in America. 

1780 - General Benedict Arnold secretly promised to surrender the West Point fort to the British army. 

1806 - New York City's second daily newspaper, the "Daily Advertiser," was published for the last time. 

1809 - Charles Doolittle Walcott first discovered fossils near Burgess Pass. He named the site Burgess Shale after nearby Mt. Burgess. 

1862 - The Confederates defeated Union forces at the second Battle of Bull Run in Manassas, VA. 

1905 - Ty Cobb made his major league batting debut with the Detroit Tigers. 

1928 - The Independence of India League was established in India. 

1941 - During World War II, the Nazis severed the last railroad link between Leningrad and the rest of the Soviet Union. 

1945 - General Douglas MacArthur set up Allied occupation headquarters in Japan. 

1951 - The Philippines and the United States signed a defense pact. 

1956 - In Louisianna, the Lake Pontchartrain Causeway opened. 

1960 - A partial blockade was imposed on West Berlin by East Germany. 

1963 - The "Hotline" between Moscow and Washington, DC, went into operation. 

1965 - Thurgood Marshall was confirmed by the U.S. Senate as a Supreme Court justice. Marshall was the first black justice to sit on the Supreme Court. 

1982 - P.L.O. leader Yasir Arafat left Beirut for Greece. 

1983 - The space shuttle Challenger blasted off with Guion S. Bluford Jr. aboard. He was the first black American to travel in space. 

1984 - The space shuttle Discovery lifted off for the first time. On the voyage three communications satellites were deployed. 

1984 - U.S. President Ronald Reagan, and several others, were inducted into the Sportscasters Hall of Fame. 

1991 - The Soviet republic of Azerbaijan declared its independence. 

1993 - On CBS-TV "The Late Show with David Letterman" premiered. 

1994 - Rosa Parks was robbed and beaten by Joseph Skipper. Parks was known for her refusal to give up her seat on a bus in 1955, which sparked the civil rights movement. 

1994 - The largest U.S. defense contractor was created when the Lockheed and Martin Marietta corporations agreed to a merger. 

1996 - An expedition to raise part of the Titanic failed when the nylon lines being used to raise part of the hull snapped. 

1999 - The residents of East Timor overwhelmingly voted for independence from Indonesia. The U.N. announced the result onSeptember 4.

August 29

1828 - A patent was issued to Robert Turner for the self-regulating wagon brake. 

1833 - The "Factory Act" was passed in England to settle child labor laws. 

1842 - The Treaty of Nanking was signed by the British and the Chinese. The treaty ended the first Opium War and gave the island of Hong Kong to Britain. 

1885 - The first prizefight under the Marquis of Queensberry Rules was held in Cincinnati, OH. John L. Sullivan defeated Dominick McCaffery in six rounds. 

1886 - In New York City, Chinese Ambassador Li Hung-chang's chef invented chop suey. 

1892 - Pop (Billy) Shriver (Chicago Cubs) caught a ball that was dropped from the top of the Washington Monument in Washington,DC. 

1944 - During the continuing celebration of the liberation of France from the Nazis, 15,000 American troops marched down the Champs Elysees in Paris. 

1945 - U.S. General Douglas MacArthur left for Japan to officially accept the surrender of the Japanese. 

1949 - At the University of Illinois, a nuclear device was used for the first time to treat cancer patients. 

1957 - Senator Strom Thurmond of South Carolina set a filibuster record in the U.S. when he spoke for 24 hours and 18 minutes. 

1962 - The lower level of the George Washington Bridge opened. 

1965 - Gemini 5, carrying astronauts Gordon Cooper and Charles ("Pete") Conrad, splashed down in the Atlantic Ocean after eight days in space. 

1966 - Mia Farrow withdrew from the cast of the ABC-TV's "Peyton Place." 

1967 - The final episode of "The Fugitive" aired. 

1971 - Hank Aaron became the first baseball player in the National League to hit 100 or more runs in each of 11 seasons. 

1977 - Lou Brock brought his total of stolen bases to 893. The record he beat was held by Ty Cobb for 49 years. 

1983 - Two U.S. marines were killed in Lebanon by the militia group Amal when they fired mortar shells at the Beirut airport. 

1983 - The anchor of the USS Monitor, from the U.S. Civil War, was retrieved by divers. 

1990 - Iraqi President Saddam Hussein, in a television interview, declared that America could not defeat Iraq. 

1991 - The Communist Party in the Soviet Union had its bank accounts frozen and activities were suspended because of the Party's role in the failed coup attempt against Mikhail Gorbachev. 

1991 - The republics of Russia and Ukraine signed an agreement to stay in the Soviet Union. 

1992 - The U.N. Security Council agreed to send troops to Somalia to guard the shipments of food. 

1994 - Mario Lemieux announced that he would be taking a medical leave of absence due to fatigue, an aftereffect of his 1993 radiation treatments. He would sit out the National Hockey Leagues (NHL) 1994-95 season. 

1998 - Northwest Airlines pilots went on strike after their union rejected a last-minute company offer. 

2004 - India test-launched a nuclear-capable missle able to carry a one-ton warhead. The weapon had a range of 1,560 miles.

August 28

1609 - Delaware Bay was discovered by Henry Hudson. 

1619 - Ferdinand II was elected Holy Roman Emperor. His policy of "One church, one king" was his way of trying to outlaw Protestantism. 

1774 - The first American-born saint was born in New York City. Mother Elizabeth Ann Seton was canonized in 1975. 

1811 - Percy Bysshe Shelley and Harriet Westbrook eloped. 

1830 - "The Tom Thumb" was demonstrated in Baltimore, MD. It was the first passenger-carrying train of its kind to be built in America. 

1833 - Slavery was banned by the British Parliament throughout the British Empire. 

1907 - "American Messenger Company" was started by two teenagers, Jim Casey and Claude Ryan. The company's name was later changedto "United Parcel Service." 

1916 - Italy's declaration of war against Germany took effect duringWorld War I. 

1917 - Ten suffragists were arrested as they picketed the White House. 

1922 - The first radio commercial aired on WEAF in New York City. The Queensboro Realty Company bought 10 minutes of time for$100. 

1922 - The Walker Cup was held for the first time at Southampton, NY. It is the oldest international team golf match in America. 

1939 - The first successful flight of a jet-propelled airplane took place. The plane was a German Heinkel He 178. 

1941 - The Football Writers Association of America was organized. 

1963 - Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., gave his "I Have a Dream" speech at a civil rights rally in Washington, DC. More than 200,000 people attended. 

1972 - Mark Spitz captured the first of his seven gold medals at the Summer Olympics in Munich, Germany. He set a world record when he completed the 200-meter butterfly in 2 minutes and 7/10ths of a second. 

1981 - "The New York Daily News" published its final afternoon edition. 

1990 - Iraq declared Kuwait to be its 19th province and renamed Kuwait City al-Kadhima. 

1995 - The biggest bank in the U.S. was created when Chase Manhattan and Chemical Bank announced their $10 billion deal. 

1996 - A divorce decree was issued for Britain's Charles and Princess Diana. This was the official end to the 15-year marriage. 

1998 - The Pakistani prime minister created new Islamic order and legal system based on the Koran. 

2004 - George Brunstad, at age 70, became the oldest person to swim the English Channel. The swim from Dover, England, to Sangatte, France, took 15 hours and 59 minutes. 

August 27

1660 - The books of John Milton were burned in London due to his attacks on King Charles II. 

1789 - The Declaration of the Rights of Man was adopted by the French National Assembly. 

1828 - Uruguay was formally proclaimed to be independent during preliminary talks between Brazil and Argentina. 

1858 - The first cabled news dispatch was sent and was published by "The New York Sun" newspaper. The story was about the peace demands of England and France being met by China. 

1859 - The first oil well was successfully drilled in the U.S. by Colonel Edwin L. Drake near Titusville, PA. 

1889 - Charles G. Conn received a patent for the metal clarinet. 

1889 - Boxer Jack "Nonpareil" Dempsey was defeated for the first time of his career by George LaBlanche. 

1892 - The original Metropolitan Opera House in New York was seriously damaged by fire. 

1894 - The Wilson-Gorman Tariff Act was passed by the U.S. Congress. The provision within for a graduated income tax was later struck down by the U.S. Supreme Court. 

1921 - The owner of Acme Packing Company bought a pro football team for Green Bay, WI. J.E. Clair paid tribute to those who worked in his plant by naming the team the Green Bay Packers. (NFL) 

1928 - The Kellogg-Briand Pact was signed by 15 countries in Paris. Later, 47 other nations would sign the pact. 

1938 - Robert Frost, in a fit of jealousy, set fire to some papers to disrupt a poetry recital by another poet, Archibald MacLeish. 

1939 - Nazi Germany demanded the Polish corridor and Danzig. 

1945 - American troops landed in Japan after the surrender of the Japanese government at the end of World War II. 

1962 - Mariner 2 was launched by the United States. In December of the same year the spacecraft flew past Venus. It was the first space probe to reach the vicinity of another planet. 

1972 - North Vietnam's major port at Haiphong saw the first bombings from U.S. warplanes. 

1981 - Work began on recovering a safe from the Andrea Doria. The Andrea Doria was a luxury liner that had sank in 1956 in the waters off of Massachusetts. 

1984 - U.S. President Ronald Reagan announced that the first citizen to go into space would be a teacher. The teacher that was eventually chosen was Christa McAuliffe. She died in the Challenger disaster on January 28, 1986. 

1984 - Diane Sawyer became the fifth reporter on CBS-TV's "60 Minutes." 

1984 - The Menetta Lane Theatre in Greenwich Village opened. It was the first new off-Broadway theater to be built in 50 years in New York City. 

1985 - The Space Shuttle Discovery left for a seven-day mission in which three satellites were launched and another was repaired and redeployed. 

1986 - Nolan Ryan (Houston Astros) earned his 250th career win against the Chicago Cubs. 

1989 - The first U.S. commercial satellite rocket was launched. A British communications satellite was onboard. 

1990 - The U.S. State Department ordered the expulsion of 36 Iraqi diplomats. 

1991 - The Soviet republic of Moldavia declared its independence. 

1996 - California Governor Pete Wilson signed an order that would halt state benefits to illegal immigrants. 

1998 - James Brolin received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. 

1999 - The final crew of the Russian space station Mir departed the station to return to Earth. Russia was forced to abandon Mir for financial reasons. 

2001 - The U.S. military announced that an Air Force RQ-1B "Predator" aircraft was lost over Iraq. It was reported that the unmanned aircraft "may have crashed or been shot down." 

2001 - Work began on the future site of a World War II memorial on the U.S. capital's historic national Mall. The site is between the Washington Monument and the Lincoln Memorial. 

August 26

55 B.C. - Britain was invaded by Roman forces under Julius Caesar. 

1498 - Michelangelo was commissioned to make the "Pieta." 

1842 - The first fiscal year was established by the U.S. Congress to start on July 1st. 

1847 - Liberia was proclaimed as an independent republic. 

1873 - The school board of St. Louis, MO, authorized the first U.S. public kindergarten. 

1896 - In the Philippines, and insurrection began against the Spanish government. 

1920 - The 19th amendment to the U.S. Constitution went into effect. The amendment prohibited discrimination on the basis of sex in the voting booth. 

1934 - Adolf Hitler demanded that France turn over their Saar region to Germany. 

1937 - All Chinese shipping was blockaded by Japan. 

1939 - The first televised major league baseball games were shown. The event was a double-header between the Cincinnati Reds and the Brooklyn Dodgers. 

1939 - The radio program, "Arch Oboler’s Plays", presented the NBC Symphony for the first time. 

1945 - The Japanese were given surrender instructions on the U.S. battleship Missouri at the end of World War II. 

1947 - Don Bankhead became the first black pitcher in major league baseball. 

1957 - It was announced that an intercontinental ballistic missile was successfully tested by the Soviet Union. 

1957 - The first Edsel made by the Ford Motor Company rolled out. 

1961 - The International Hockey Hall of Fame in Toronto opened. 

1973 - A U.S. Presidential Proclamation was declared that made August 26th Women's Equality Day. 

1978 - Sigmund Jahn blasted off aboard the Russian Soyuz 31 and became the first German in space. 

1981 - The U.S. claimed that North Korea fired an antiaircraft missile at a U.S. Surveillance plane while it was over South Korea. 

1987 - The Fuller Brush Company announced plans to open two retail stores in Dallas, TX. The company that had sold its products door to door for 81 years. 

1990 - The 55 Americans at the U.S. Embassy in Kuwait left Baghdad by car and headed for the Turkish border. 

1991 - Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev promised that national elections would be held. 

1992 - A "no-fly zone" was imposed on the southern 1/3 of Iraq. The move by the U.S., France and Britain was aimed at protecting Iraqi Shiite Muslims. 

1998 - The U.S. government announced that they were investigating Microsoft in an attempt to discover if they "bullied" Intel into delaying new technology.