March 22

1457 - Gutenberg Bible became the first printed book. 

1622 - Indians attacked a group of colonist in the James River area of Virginia. 347 residents were killed. 

1630 - The first legislation to prohibit gambling was enacted. It was in Boston, MA

1638 - Anne Hutchinsoon, a religious dissident, was expelled from the Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

1719 - Frederick William abolished serfdom on crown property in Prussia. 

1733 - Joseph Priestly invented carbonated water (seltzer). 

1765 - The Stamp Act was passed. It was the first direct British tax on the American colonists. It was repealed on March 17, 1766. 

1775 - Edmund Burke presented his 13 articles to the English parliament. 

1790 - Thomas Jefferson became the first U.S. Secretary of State. 

1794 - The U.S. Congress banned U.S. vessels from supplying slaves to other countries. 

1822 - New York Horticultural Society was founded. 

1841 - Englishman Orlando Jones patented cornstarch. 

1871 - William Holden of North Carolina became the first governor to be removed by impeachment. 

1872 - Illinois became the first state to require sexual equality in employment. 

1873 - Slavery was abolished in Puerto Rico. 

1874 - The Young Men's Hebrew Association was organized in New York City. 

1882 - The U.S. Congress outlawed polygamy. 

1888 - The English Football League was established. 

1894 - The first playoff competition for the Stanley Cup began. Montreal played Ottawa. 

1895 - Auguste and Louis Lumiere showed their first movie to an invited audience in Paris. 

1901 - Japan proclaimed that it was determined to keep Russia from encroaching on Korea. 

1902 - Great Britain and Persia agreed to link Europe and India by telegraph. 

1903 - Niagara Falls ran out of water due to a drought. 

1903 - In Columbia, the region near Galera De Zamba was devastated by a volcanic eruption. 

1904 - The first color photograph was published in the London Daily Illustrated Mirror

1905 - Child miners in Britain received a maximum 8-hour workday. 

1906 - France lost the first ever rugby game ever played against Britain. 

1907 - Russians troops completed the evacuation of Manchuria in the face of advancing Japanese forces. 

1907 - In Paris, it was reported that male cab drivers dressed as women to attract riders. 

1910 - In Liberia, a telegraph cable linked Tenerife and Monrovia. 

1911 - Herman Jadlowker became the first opera singer to perform two major roles in the same day at the Metropolitan Opera House in New York City. 

1915 - A German zeppelin made a night raid on Paris railway stations. 

1919 - The first international airline service was inaugurated on a weekly schedule between Paris and Brussels. 

1933 - U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed a bill legalizing the sale and possession of beer and wine containing up to 3.2% alcohol. 

1934 - The first Masters golf championship began in Augusta, GA

1935 - In New York, blood tests were authorized as evidence in court cases. 

1935 - Persia was renamed Iran. 

1941 - The Grand Coulee Dam in Washington began operations. 

1943 - The Dutch workweek was extended to 54 hours. 

1943 - Obligatory work for woman ends in Belgium. 

1945 - The Arab League was formed with the adoption of a charter in Cairo, Egypt. 

1946 - The British granted Transjordan independence. 

1946 - The first U.S. built rocket to leave the earth's atmosphere reached a height of 50-miles. 

1947 - The Greek government imposed martial law in Laconia and southern Greece. 

1948 - The United States announced a land reform plan for Korea. 

1948 - "The Voice of Firestone" became the first commercial radio program to be carried simultaneously on both AM and FM radio stations. 

1954 - The first shopping mall opened in Southfield, Michigan

1954 - The London gold market reopened for the first time since 1939. 

1956 - Perry Como became the first major TV variety-show host to book a rock and roll act on his program. The act was Carl Perkins. 

1960 - A.L. Schawlow & C.H. Townes obtained a patent for the laser. It was the first patent for any laser. 

1965 - U.S. confirmed that its troops used chemical warfare against the Vietcong. 

1972 - The U.S. Senate passed the Equal Rights Amendment. It was not ratified by the states. 

1974 - The Viet Cong proposed a new truce with the U.S. and South Vietnam. The truce included general elections. 

1975 - Walt Disney World Shopping Village opened. 
Disney movies, music and books 

1977 - The Dutch Den Uyl government fell. 

1977 - Comedienne Lily Tomlin made her debut on Broadway in "Lily Tomlin on Stage" in New York. 

1977 - Indira Ghandi resigned as the prime minister of India. 

1978 - Karl Wallenda, of the Flying Wallendas, fell to his death while walking a cable strung between to hotels in San Juan, Puerto Rico. 

1979 - The National Hockey League (NHL) voted to accept 4 WHA teams, the Oilers, Jets, Nordiques & Whalers. 

1980 - People for Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) was founded by Ingrid Newkirk and Alex Pacheco. 

1981 - U.S. Postage rates went from 15-cents to 18-cents an ounce. 

1981 - RCA put its Selectra Vision laser disc players on the market. 

1981 - A group of twelve Green Berets arrived in El Salvador. This brought the total number of advisors to fifty-four. 

1981 - The first Mongolian entered space aboard the Russian Soyuz 39. 

1982 - The Space Shuttle Columbia was launched into orbit on mission STS-3. It was the third orbital flight for the Columbia. 

1987 - A barge loaded with 32,000 tons of refuse left Islip, NY, to find a place to unload. After being refused by several states and three countries space was found back in Islip. 

1988 - The Congress overrode U.S. President Reagan's veto of a sweeping civil rights bill. 

1989 - Oliver North began two days of testimony at his Iran-Contra trial in Washington, DC

1989 - The U.S. House Ways and Means Committee reported the class gap was widening. 

1990 - A jury in Anchorage, Alaska, found Captain Hazelwood not guilty in the Valdez oil spill. 

1991 - Pamela Smart, a high school teacher, was found guilty in New Hampshire of manipulating her student-lover to kill her husband. 

1992 - A Fokker F-28 veered off a runway at New York's LaGuardia airport and into Flushing Bay, killing 27 people. 

1993 - Cleveland Indians pitchers Steve Olin and Tim Crews were killed in a boating accident in Florida. Bob Ojeda was seriously injured in the accident. 

1993 - Intel introduced the Pentium-processor (80586) 64 bits-60 MHz-100+ MIPS. 

1995 - Russian cosmonaut Valeri Polyakov returned to Earth after setting a record for 438 days in space. 

1997 - Tara Lipinski, at 14 years and 10 months, became the youngest women's world figure skating champion. 

2002 - The U.S. Postal Rate Commission approved a request for a postal rate increase of first-class stamps from 34 cents to 37 cents by June 30. It was the first time a postal rate case was resolved through a settlement between various groups. The groups included theU.S. Postal Service, postal employees, mailer groups and competitors. 

2002 - A collection of letters and cards sent by Princess Diana of Wales sold for $33,000. The letters and cards were written to a former housekeeper at Diana's teenage home.

March 21

1349 - 3,000 Jews were killed in Black Death riots in Efurt Germany. 

1556 - Thomas Cranmer, the Archbishop of Canterbury, was burned at the stake at Oxford after retracting the last of seven recantations that same day. 

1788 - Almost the entire city of New Orleans, LA, was destroyed by fire. 856 buildings were destroyed. 

1790 - Thomas Jefferson reported to U.S. President George Washington as the new secretary of state. 

1804 - The French civil code, the Code Napoleon, was adopted. 

1824 - A fire at a Cairo ammunitions dump killed 4,000 horses. 

1826 - The Rensselaer School in Troy, NY, was incorporated. The school became known as Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and was the first engineering college in the U.S. 

1835 - Charles Darwin & Mariano Gonzales met at Portillo Pass. 

1851 - Emperor Tu Duc ordered that Christian priests be put to death. 

1851 - Yosemite Valley was discovered in California

1857 - An earthquake hit Tokyo killing about 107,000. 

1858 - British forces in India lift the siege of Lucknow, ending the Indian Mutiny. 

1859 - In Philadelphia, the first Zoological Society was incorporated. 

1868 - The Sorosos club for professional women was formed in New York City by Jennie June. It was the first of its kind. 

1871 - Journalist Henry M Stanley began his famous expedition to Africa. 

1902 - Romain Roland's play "The 4th of July" premiered in Paris. 

1902 - In New York, three Park Avenue mansions were destroyed when a subway tunnel roof caved in. 

1904 - The British Parliament vetoed a proposal to send Chinese workers to Transvaal. 

1905 - Sterilization legislation was passed in the State of Pennsylvania. The governor vetoed the measure. 

1906 - Ohio passed a law that prohibited hazing by fraternities after two fatalities. 

1907 - The U.S. Marines landed in Honduras to protect American interests in the war with Nicaragua. 

1907 - The first Parliament of Transvaal met in Pretoria. 

1908 - A passenger was carried in a bi-plane for the first time by Henri Farman of France. 

1909 - Russia withdrew its support for Serbia and recognized the Austrian annexation of Bosnia-Herzegovina. Serbia accepted Austrian control over Bosnia-Herzegovina on March 31, 1909. 

1910 - The U.S. Senate granted ex-President Teddy Roosevelt a yearly pension of $10,000. 

1918 - During World War I, the Germans launched the Somme Offensive. 

1928 - U.S. President Calvin Coolidge gave the Congressional Medal of Honor to Charles Lindbergh for his first trans-Atlantic flight. 

1934 - A fire destroyed Hakodate, Japan, killing about 1,500. 

1935 - Incubator ambulance service began in Chicago, IL

1941 - The last Italian post in East Libya, North Africa, fell to the British. 

1945 - During World War II, Allied bombers began four days of raids over Germany. 

1946 - The Los Angeles Rams signed Kenny Washington. Washington was the first black player to join a National Football League team since 1933. 

1946 - The United Nations set up a temporary headquarters at Hunter College in New York City. 

1953 - The Boston Celtics beat Syracuse Nationals (111-105) in four overtimes to eliminate them from the Eastern Division Semifinals. A total of seven players (both teams combined) fouled out of the game. 

1955 - NBC-TV presented the first "Colgate Comedy Hour". 

1957 - Shirley Booth made her TV acting debut in "The Hostess with the Mostest" on CBS. 

1960 - About 70 people were killed in Sharpeville, South Africa, when police fired upon demonstrators. 

1963 - Alcatraz Island, the federal penitentiary in San Francisco Bay, CA, closed. 

1965 - The U.S. launched Ranger 9. It was the last in a series of unmanned lunar explorations. 

1965 - More than 3,000 civil rights demonstrators led by the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. began a march from Selma to Montgomery,AL

1971 - Two U.S. platoons in Vietnam refused their orders to advance. 

1972 - The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that states could not require one year of residency for voting eligibility. 

1974 - An attempt was made to kidnap Princess Anne in London's Pall Mall. 

1980 - U.S. President Jimmy Carter announced to the U.S. Olympic Team that they would not participate in the 1980 Summer Games in Moscow as a boycott against Soviet intervention in Afghanistan. 

1980 - On the TV show "Dallas", J.R. Ewing was shot. 

1982 - The movie "Annie" premiered. 

1982 - The United States, U.K. and other Western countries condemned the Soviet intervention in Afghanistan. 

1984 - A Soviet submarine crashed into the USS Kitty Hawk off the coast of Japan. 

1985 - Larry Flynt offered to sell his pornography empire for $26 million or "Hustler" magazine alone for $18 million. 

1985 - Police in Langa, South Africa, opened fire on blacks marching to mark the 25th anniversary of the Sharpeville shootings. At least 21 demonstrators were killed. 

1989 - Randall Dale Adams was released from a Texas prison after his conviction was overturned. The documentary "The Thin Blue Line" had challenged evidence of Adams' conviction for killing a police officer. 

1990 - "Normal Life" with Moon Unit & Dweezil Zappa premiered on CBS-TV. 

1990 - Australian businessman Alan Bond sold Van Gogh's "Irises" to the Gerry Museum. Bond had purchased the painting for $53.9 million in 1987. 

1990 - "Sydney" starring Valerie Bertinelli premiered on CBS-TV. 

1990 - Namibia became independent of South Africa. 

1991 - 27 people were lost at sea when two U.S. Navy anti-submarine planes collided. 

1991 - The U.N. Security Council lifted the food embargo against Iraq. 

1994 - Dudley Moore was arrested for hitting his girlfriend. 

1994 - Steven Spielberg won his first Oscars. They were for best picture and best director for "Schindler's List." 

1994 - Wayne Gretzky tied Gordie Howe's NHL record of 801 goals. 

1994 - Bill Gates of Microsoft and Craig McCaw of McCaw Cellular Communications announced a $9 billion plan that would send 840 satellites into orbit to relay information around the globe. 

1995 - New Jersey officially dedicated the Howard Stern Rest Area along Route 295. 

1995 - Tokyo police raided the headquarters of Aum Shinrikyo in search of evidence to link the cult to the Sarin gas released on five Tokyo subway trains. 

1999 - Israel's Supreme Court rejected the final effort to have American Samuel Sheinbein returned to the U.S. to face murder charges for killing Alfred Tello, Jr. Under a plea bargain Sheinbein was sentenced to 24 years in prison. 

2000 - The U.S. Supreme Court ruled 5-4 that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration had overstepped its regulatory authority when it attempted to restrict the marketing of cigarettes to youngsters. 

2001 - Nintendo released Game Boy Advance. 

2002 - In Pakistan, Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh was charged with murder for his role in the kidnapping of Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pear. Three other Islamic militants that were in custody were also charged along with seven more accomplices that were still at large. 

2002 - In Paris, an 1825 print by French inventor Joseph Nicephore Niepce was sold for $443,220. The print, of a man leading a horse, was the earliest recorded image taken by photographic means. 

2003 - It was reported that the Dow Jones Industrial Average closed up 235.27 (2.8%) at 8,521.97. It was the strongest weekly gain in more than 20 years.

March 20

0141 - The 6th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet took place. 

1413 - Henry V took the throne of England upon the death of his father Henry IV. 

1525 - Paris' parliament began its pursuit of Protestants. 

1602 - The United Dutch East Indian Company (VOC) was formed. 

1616 - Walter Raleigh was released from Tower of London to seek gold in Guyana. 

1627 - France & Spain signed an accord for fighting Protestantism. 

1739 - In India, Nadir Shah of Persia occupied Delhi and took possession of the Peacock throne. 

1760 - The great fire of Boston destroyed 349 buildings. 

1792 - In Paris, the Legislative Assembly approved the use of the guillotine. 

1800 - French army defeated the Turks at Helipolis, Turkey, and advanced into Cairo. 

1814 - Prince Willem Frederik became the monarch of Netherlands. 

1815 - Napoleon Bonaparte entered Paris after his escape from Elba and began his "Hundred Days" rule. 

1816 - The U.S. Supreme Court affirmed its right to review state court decisions. 

1833 - The U.S. and Siam signed a commercial treaty. 

1852 - Harriet Beecher Stowe’s book "Uncle Tom’s Cabin," subtitled "Life Among the Lowly," was first published. 

1865 - A plan by John Wilkes Booth to abduct U.S. President Abraham Lincoln was ruined when Lincoln changed his plans and did not appear at the Soldier’s Home near Washington, DC

1868 - Jesse James Gang robbed a bank in Russelville, KY, of $14,000. 

1883 - The Unity treaty of Paris was signed to protect industrial property. 

1885 - John Matzeliger of Suriname patented the shoe lacing machine. 

1886 - The first AC power plant in the U.S. began commercial operation. 

1888 - The Sherlock Holmes Adventure, "A Scandal in Bohemia," began. 

1890 - The General Federation of Womans' Clubs was founded. 

1891 - The first computing scale company was incorporated in Dayton, OH

1896 - U.S. Marines landed in Nicaragua to protect U.S. citizens in the wake of a revolution. 

1897 - The first U.S. orthodox Jewish Rabbinical seminary was incorporated in New York. 

1897 - The first intercollegiate basketball game that used five players per team was held. The contest was Yale versus Pennsylvania. Yale won by a score of 32-10. 

1899 - At Sing Sing prison, Martha M. Place became the first woman to be executed in the electric chair. She was put to death for the murder of her stepdaughter. 

1900 - It was announced that European powers had agreed to keep China's doors open to trade. 

1902 - France and Russia acknowledged the Anglo-Japanese alliance. They also asserted their right to protect their interests in China and Korea. 

1903 - In Paris, paintings by Henri Matisse were shown at the "Salon des Independants". 

1906 - In Russia, army officers mutiny at Sevastopol. 

1911 - The National Squash Tennis Association was formed in New York City. 

1914 - The first international figure skating championship was held in New Haven, CT

1915 - The French called off the Champagne offensive on the Western Front. 

1918 - The Bolsheviks of the Soviet Union asked for American aid to rebuild their army. 

1922 - U.S. President Warren G. Harding ordered U.S. troops back from the Rhineland. 

1922 - The USS Langley was commissioned. It was the first aircraft carrier for the U.S. Navy. 

1932 - The German dirigible, Graf Zepplin, made the first flight to South America on regular schedule. 

1933 - The first German concentration camp was completed at Dachau. 

1934 - Rudolf Kuhnold gave a demonstration of radar in Kiel Germany. 

1940 - The British Royal Air Force conducted an all-night air raid on the Nazi airbase at Sylt, Germany. 

1943 - The Allies attacked Field Marshall Erwin Rommel's forces on the Mareth Line in North Africa. 

1947 - A blue whale weighing 180-metric tons was caught in the South Atlantic. 

1952 - The U.S. Senate ratified a peace treaty with Japan. 

1956 - Mount Bezymianny on Kamchatka Peninsula (USSR) exploded. 

1956 - Tunisia gained independence from France. 

1963 - The first "Pop Art" exhibit began in New York City. 

1964 - The ESRO (European Space Research Organization) was established. 

1965 - U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson orders 4,000 troops to protect the Selma-Montgomery civil rights marchers. 

1967 - Twiggy arrived in the U.S. for a one-week stay. 

1969 - U.S. Senator Edward Kennedy called on the U.S. to close all bases in Taiwan. 

1972 - 19 mountain climbers were killed on Japan's Mount Fuji during an avalanche. 

1976 - Patricia Hearst was convicted of armed robbery for her role in the hold up of a San Francisco Bank. 

1980 - The U.S. made an appeal to the International Court concerning the American Hostages in Iran. 

1981 - Argentine ex-president Isabel Peron was sentenced to eight years in a convent. 

1982 - U.S. scientists' return from Antarctica with the first land mammal fossils found there. 

1984 - The U.S. Senate rejected an amendment to permit spoken prayer in public schools. 

1985 - For the first time in its 99-year history, Avon representatives received a salary. Up to that time they had been paid solely on commissions. 

1985 - CBS-TV presented "The Romance of Betty Boop." 

1985 - Libby Riddles won the 1,135-mile Anchorage-to-Nome dog race becoming the first woman to win the Iditarod. 

1986 - Fallon Carrington and Jeff Colby were wed on the TV drama "The Colby’s". "The Colby’s" was an offshoot of "Dynasty". 

1987 - The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved AZT. The drug was proven to slow the progress of AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). 

1989 - A Washington, DC, district court judge blocked a curfew imposed by Mayor Barry and the City Council. 

1989 - In Belfast, two policemen were killed. The IRA claimed responsibility. 

1989 - It was announced that Cincinnati Reds manager Pete Rose was under investigation. 

1990 - The Los Angeles Lakers retired Kareem Abdul-Jabbar's #33. 

1990 - Namibia became an independent nation ending 75 years of South African rule. 

1990 - Imelda Marcos, widow of ex-Philippines dictator Ferdinand Marcos, went on trial for racketeering, embezzlement and bribery.

1990 - In Rumania, tanks were sent to the town of Tirgu Mures to quell ethnic riots. 

1991 - The U.S. Supreme Court ruled unanimously that employers could not exclude women from jobs where exposure to toxic chemicals could potentially damage a fetus. 

1991 - The U.S. forgave $2 billion in loans to Poland. 

1992 - Janice Pennington was awarded $1.3 million for accident on the set of the "Price is Right" TV show. 

1993 - Russian President Boris Yeltsin declared emergency rule. He set a referendum on whether the people trusted him or the hard-line Congress to govern. 

1993 - An Irish Republican Army bomb was detonated in Warrington, England. A 3-year-old boy and a 12-year-old boy were killed. 

1995 - About 35,000 Turkish troops crossed the northern border of Iraq in pursuit of the separatist rebels of the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK). 

1995 - In Tokyo, 12 people were killed and more than 5,500 others were sickened when packages containing the nerve gas Sarin was released on five separate subway trains. The terrorists belonged to a doomsday cult in Japan. 

1996 - In Los Angeles, Erik and Lyle Menendez were found guilty of first-degree murder in the killing of their parents. 

1996 - The U.K. announced that humans could catch CJD (Mad Cow Disease). 

1997 - Brian Grazer received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. 

1997 - Liggett Group, the maker of Chesterfield cigarettes, settled 22 state lawsuits by admitting the industry marketed cigarettes to teenagers and agreed to warn on every pack that smoking is addictive. 

1998 - India's new Hindu nationalist-led government pledges to "exercise the option to induct nuclear weapons." 

1999 - Bertrand Piccard and Brian Jones became the first men to circumnavigate the Earth in a hot air balloon. The non-stop trip began on March 3 and covered 26,500 miles. 

2000 - Former Black Panther Jamil Abdullah Al-Amin, once known as H. Rap Brown, was captured following a shootout that left a sherriff's deputy dead. 

2002 - Actress Pamela Anderson disclosed that she had hepatitis C. 

2002 - Arthur Andersen pled innocent to charges that it had shredded documents and deleted computer files related to the energy company Enron. 

2003 - Cisco Systems Inc. announced it was buying The Linksys Group INc. for $500 million in stock. 

2003 - U.S. and British forces invaded Iraq from Kuwait.

March 19

1571 - Spanish troops occupied Manila. 

1628 - The Massachusetts colony was founded by Englishmen. 

1644 - 200 members of the Peking imperial family/court committed suicide. 

1687 - French explorer La Salle was murdered by his own men while searching for the mouth of the Mississippi River, in the Gulf of Mexico. 

1702 - Upon the death of William III of Orange, Anne Stuart, the sister of Mary, succeeds to the throne of England, Scotland and Ireland. 

1748 - The English Naturalization Act passed granting Jews right to colonize in the U.S. 

1775 - Poland & Prussia signed a trade agreement. 

1822 - The city of Boston, MA, was incorporated. 

1831 - The first bank robbery in America was reported. The City Bank of New York City lost $245,000 in the robbery. 

1865 - The Battle of Bentonville took place. The Confederates retreated from Greenville, NC

1866 - The immigrant ship Monarch of the Seas sank in Liverpool killing 738. 

1879 - Jim Currie opened fire on the actors Maurice Barrymore and Ben Porter near Marshall, TX. The shots wounded Barrymore and killed Porter. 

1895 - The Los Angeles Railway was established to provide streetcar service. 

1900 - U.S. President McKinley asserted that there was a need for free trade with Puerto Rico. 

1900 - Archeologist Arthur John Evans began the excavation of Knossos Palace in Greece. 

1903 - The U.S. Senate ratified the Cuban treaty, gaining naval bases in Guantanamo and Bahia Honda. 

1905 - French explorer S. de Segonzac was taken prisoner by Moroccans. 

1906 - Reports from Berlin estimated the cost of the German war in S.W. Africa at $150 million. 

1908 - The state of Maryland barred Christian Scientists from practicing without medical diplomas. 

1915 - Pluto was photographed for the first time. However, it was not known at the time. 

1917 - The U.S. Supreme Court upheld the Adamson Act that made the eight-hour workday for railroads constitutional. 

1918 - The U.S. Congress approved Daylight-Saving Time. 

1918 - A German seaplane was shot down for the first time by an American pilot. 

1920 - The U.S. Senate rejected the Versailles Treaty for the second time maintaining an isolation policy. 

1924 - U.S. troops were rushed to Tegucigalpa as rebel forces took the Honduran capital. 

1931 - The state of Nevada legalized gambling. 

1940 - The French government of Daladier fell. 

1942 - The Thoroughbred Racing Association was formed in Chicago. 

1944 - Tippett's oratorium "Child of Our Time," premiered in London. 

1945 - About 800 people were killed as Japanese kamikaze planes attacked the U.S. carrier Franklin off Japan. 

1945 - Adolf Hitler issued his "Nero Decree" which ordered the destruction of German facilities that could fall into Allied hands as German forces were retreating. 

1947 - Chiang Kai-Shek's government forces took control of Yenan, the former headquarters of the Chinese Communist Party. 

1948 - Lee Savold knocked out Gino Buonvino in 54 seconds of the first round of their prize fight at Madison Square Gardens. 

1949 - The Soviet People's Council signed the constitution of the German Democratic Republic, and declared that the North Atlantic Treaty was merely a war weapon. 

1953 - The Academy Awards aired on television for the first time. 

1953 - Tennessee Williams' "Camino Real" premiered in New York City. 

1954 - Viewers saw the first televised prize fight shown in color when Joey Giardello knocked out Willie Tory in round seven at Madison Square Garden in New York City. 

1954 - The first rocket-driven sled that ran on rails was tested in Alamogordo, NM

1963 - In Costa Rica, U.S. President John F. Kennedy and six Latin American presidents pledged to fight Communism. 

1964 - Sean Connery began shooting his role in "Goldfinger." 

1965 - Indonesia nationalized all foreign oil companies. 

1965 - Rembrandt's "Titus" sold for $7,770,000. 

1968 - Students at Howard University students seized an administration building. 

1969 - British invaded Anguilla. 

1972 - India and Bangladesh signed a friendship treaty. 

1976 - Buckingham Palace announced the separation of Princess Margaret and her husband, the Earl of Snowdon, after 16 years of marriage. 

1977 - Congo President Marien Ngouabi was killed by a suicide commando. 

1977 - France performed a nuclear test at Muruora Island. 

1977 - The last episode of "The Mary Tyler Moore Show" aired. 

1979 - The U.S. House of Representatives began broadcasting its daily business on TV. 

1981 - During a test of the space shuttle Columbia two workers were injured and one was killed. 

1981 - The Buffalo Sabres set an NHL record when they scored 9 goals in one period against Toronto. 

1984 - The TV show "Kate and Allie" premiered. 

1984 - A Mobile oil tanker spilled 200,000 gallons into the Columbia River. 

1985 - IBM announced that it was planning to stop making the PCjr consumer-oriented computer. 

1985 - The U.S. Senate voted to authorize production of the MX missile. 

1987 - Televangelist Jim Bakker resigned from the PTL due to a scandal involving Jessica Hahn. 

1988 - Two British soldiers were killed by mourners at a funeral in Belfast, North Ireland. The soldiers were shot to death after being dragged from a car and beaten. 

1990 - Latvia's political opposition claimed victory in the republic's first free elections in 50 years. 

1990 - The first world ice hockey tournament for women was held in Ottawa. 

1991 - Brett Hull, of the St. Louis Blues, became the third National Hockey League (NHL) player to score 80 goals in a season. 

1994 - The largest omelet in history was made with 160,000 eggs in Yokohama, Japan. 

1998 - The World Health Organization warned of tuberculosis epidemic that could kill 70 million people in next two decades. 

1999 - 53 people were killed and dozens were injured when a bomb exploded in a market place in southern Russia. 

2000 - Vector Data Systems conducted a simulation of the 1993 Branch Davidian siege in Waco, TX. The simulation showed that the government had not fired first. 

2001 - California officials declared a power alert and ordered the first of two days of rolling blackouts. 

2002 - Operation Anaconda, the largest U.S.-led ground offensive since the Gulf War, ended in eastern Afghanistan. During the operation, which began on March 2, it was reported that at least 500 Taliban and al Qaeda fighters were killed. Eleven allied troops were killed during the same operation. 

2002 - Actor Ben Kingsley was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II at Buckingham Palace. 

2003 - U.S. President George W. Bush announced that U.S. forces had launched a strike against "targets of military opportunity" in Iraq. The attack, using cruise missiles and precision-guided bombs, were aimed at Iraqi leaders thought to be near Baghdad.

March 18

0037 - The Roman Senate annuls Tiberius’ will and proclaims Caligula emperor. 

1123 - The first Latern Council (9th ecumenical council) opened in Rome. 

1190 - Crusaders killed 57 Jews in Bury St. Edmonds England. 

1532 - The English parliament banned payments by English church to Rome. 

1541 - Hernando de Soto observed the first recorded flood of the Mississippi River. 

1583 - Dutch States General & Anjou signed a treaty. 

1673 - Lord Berkley sold his half of New Jersey to the Quakers. 

1692 - William Penn was deprived of his governing powers. 

1766 - Britain repealed the Stamp Act. 

1813 - David Melville patented the gas streetlight. 

1818 - The U.S. Congress approved the first pensions for government service. 

1834 - The first railroad tunnel in the U.S. was completed. The work was in Pennsylvania

1835 - Charles Darwin left Santiago Chile on his way to Portillo Pass. 

1850 - Henry Wells & William Fargo founded American Express. 

1865 - The Congress of the Confederate States of America adjourned for the last time. 

1874 - Hawaii signed a treaty giving exclusive trading rights with the islands to the U.S. 

1881 - Barnum and Bailey's Greatest Show on Earth opened in Madison Square Gardens. 

1891 - Britain became linked to the continent of Europe by telephone. 

1899 - Phoebe, a moon of the planet Saturn, was discovered. 

1900 - Ajax (Amsterdam Football Club) was formed. 

1902 - In Turkey, the Sultan granted a German syndicate the first concession to access Baghdad by rail. 

1903 - France dissolved the Catholic religious orders. 

1905 - Franklin Roosevelt and Eleanor Roosevelt were married. 

1906 - In Morocco, it was reported that France and Germany were in a deadlock at the Algeciras Conference. 

1909 - Einar Dessau of Denmark used a short wave transmitter to become the first person to broadcast as a "ham" operator. 

1910 - The first opera by a U.S. composer performed at the Met in New York City. 

1911 - Theodore Roosevelt opened the Roosevelt Dam in Arizona. It was the largest dam in the U.S. at the time. 

1911 - North Dakota enacted a hail insurance law. 

1913 - Greek King George I was killed by an assassin. Constantine I succeeded him. 

1916 - Russia countered the Verdun assault with an attack at Lake Naroch. The Russians lost 100,000 men and the Germans lost 20,000. 

1917 - The Germans sank the U.S. ships, City of MemphisVigilante and the Illinois, without any warning. 

1919 - The Order of DeMolay was established in Kansas City. 

1920 - Greece adopted the Gregorian calendar. 

1921 - Poland was enlarged with the second Peace of Riga. 

1921 - The steamer "Hong Koh" ran aground off of Swatow China. Over 1,000 people were killed. 

1922 - Mohandas K. Gandhi was sentenced to six years in prison for civil disobedience in India. He served only 2 years of the sentence. 

1922 - Princeton and Yale played the first intercollegiate indoor polo championship. 

1931 - Schick Inc. displayed the first electric shaver. 

1937 - More than 400 people, mostly children, were killed in a gas explosion at a school in New London, TX

1938 - Mexico took control of all foreign-owned oil properties on its soil. 

1938 - New York first required serological blood tests of pregnant women. 

1940 - The soap opera "Light of the World" was first heard on NBC radio. 

1940 - Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini held a meeting at the Brenner Pass. The Italian dictator agreed to join in Germany's war against France and Britain during the meeting. 

1942 - The third military draft began in the U.S. because of World War II. 

1943 - The Reich called off its offensive in Caucasus. 

1943 - American forces took Gafsa in Tunisia. 

1944 - The Russians reached the Rumanian border in the Balkans during World War II. 

1945 - 1,250 U.S. bombers attacked Berlin. 

1945 - Maurice "Rocket" Richard became the first National Hockey League (NHL) player to score 50 goals. 

1948 - France, Great Britain, and Benelux signed the Treaty of Brussels. 

1949 - The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was ratified. 

1950 - Nationalist troops landed on the mainland of China and capture Communist held Sungmen. 

1952 - In Philadelphia, PA, the first plastic lenses were fitted for a cataract patient. 

1953 - An earthquake hit West Turkey killing 250 people. 

1954 - RKO Pictures was sold for $23,489,478. It became the first motion picture studio to be owned by an individual. The person was Howard Hughes. 

1959 - U.S. President Eisenhower signed the Hawaii statehood bill. 

1962 - French and Algerian rebels agreed to a truce. 

1963 - "Tovarich" opened at the Broadway Theater in New York City for 264 performances. 

1963 - France performed an underground nuclear test at Ecker Algeria. 

1963 - The U.S. Supreme Court handed down the Miranda decision concerning legal council for defendants. 

1965 - Cosmonaut Alexei Leonov became the first man to spacewalk when he left the Voskhod II space capsule while in orbit around the Earth. He was outside the spacecraft for about 20 minutes. 

1966 - The government of Indonesia was formed by General Suharto. 

1966 - Scott Paper began selling paper dresses for $1. 

1968 - The U.S. Congress repealed the requirement for a gold reserve. 

1969 - U.S. President Nixon authorizes Operation Menue. It was the ‘secret’ bombing of Cambodia. 

1970 - The U.S. Postal Service experienced the first postal strike. 

1970 - The NFL selected Wilson to be the official football and scoreboard as official time. 

1971 - U.S. helicopters airlifted 1,000 South Vietnamese soldiers out of Laos. 

1971 - A landslide in Lake Yanahuani, Chungar Peru, killed 200. 

1974 - Most of the Arab oil-producing nations ended their five-month embargo against the United States, Europe and Japan. 

1975 - Saigon abandoned most of the Central Highlands of Vietnam to Hanoi. 

1975 - The Kurds ended their fight against Iraq. 

1977 - Vietnam turned over an MIA to a U.S. delegation. 

1979 - Iranian authorities detained American feminist Kate Millett. The next day she was deported. 

1980 - The Vostok rocket exploded on the launch pad killing 50. 

1981 - The U.S. disclosed that there were biological weapons tested in Texas in 1966. 

1986 - Buckingham Palace announced the engagement of Prince Andrew to Sarah Ferguson. 

1986 - The U.S. Treasury Department announced that a clear, polyester thread was to be woven into bills in an effort to thwart counterfeiters. 

1987 - The U.S. performed nuclear tests at a Nevada test site. 

1990 - Thirteen paintings were stolen from the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum in Boston. The value was $100 million making it the largest art robbery in history. 

1989 - A 4,400-year-old mummy was discovered at the Pyramid of Cheops in Egypt. 

1990 - The first free elections took place in East Germany. 

1990 - The 32-day lockout of baseball players ended. 

1990 - In Tampa, FL, a little league player was killed after being hit with a pitch. 

1992 - Leona Hemsly was sentenced to 4 years in prison for tax evasion. 

1992 - White South Africans voted for constitutional reforms that would give legal equality to blacks. 

1994 - Zsa Zsa Gabor filed for bankruptcy. 

1997 - A Russian AN-24 crashed killing 50 people. 

2003 - China's new president, Hu Jintao, announced that his country must deepen reforms and raise living standards of workers and farmers.