February 29

1288 - Scotland established this day as one when a woman could propose marriage to a man. In the event that he refused the proposal he was required to pay a fine. 

1860 - The first electric tabulating machine was invented by Herman Hollerith. 

1904 - In Washington, DC, a seven-man commission was created to hasten the construction of the Panama Canal. 

1940 - Hattie McDaniel became the first black person to win an Oscar. She won Best Supporting Actress award for her role as Mammy in "Gone with the Wind." 

1944 - The invasion of the Admiralty Islands began with "Operation Brewer." U.S. General Douglas MacArthur led his forces onto Los Negros. 

1944 - Dorothy McElroy Vredenburgh of Alabama became the first woman to be appointed secretary of a national political party. She was appointed to the Democratic National Committee. 

1944 - The Office of Defense Transportation, for the second year in a row, restricted attendance at the Kentucky Derby to residents of the Louisville area. This was an effort to prevent a railroad traffic burden during wartime. 

1964 - Dawn Fraser got her 36th world record. The Australian swimmer was timed at 58.9 seconds in the 100-meter freestyle in Sydney, Australia. 

1972 - Jack Anderson revealed a memo written by ITT's Washington lobbyist, Dita Beard, that connected ITT's funding of part of the Republican National Convention. 

1988 - "Day by Day" premiered on NBC-TV.

March 31

1492 - King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain issued the Alhambra edict expelling Jews who were unwilling to convert to Christianity. 

1776 - Abigail Adams wrote to her husband John that women were "determined to foment a rebellion" if the new Declaration of Independence failed to guarantee their rights. 

1779 - Russia and Turkey signed a treaty concerning military action in Crimea. 

1831 - Quebec and Montreal were incorporated as cities. 

1854 - The U.S. government signed the Treaty of Kanagawa with Japan. The act opened the ports of Shimoda and Hakotade to American trade. 

1862 - Skirmishing between Rebels and Union forces took place at Island 10 on the Mississippi River. 

1870 - In Perth Amboy, NJ, Thomas P. Munday became the first black to vote in the U.S. 

1880 - Wabash, IN, became the first town to be completely illuminated with electric light. 

1889 - In Paris, the Eiffel Tower officially opened. 

1900 - The W.E. Roach Company was the first automobile company to put an advertisement in a national magazine. The magazine was the "Saturday Evening Post". 

1900 - In France, the National Assembly passed a law reducing the workday for women and children to 11 hours. 

1901 - In Russia, the Czar lashed out at Socialist-Revolutionaries with the arrests of 72 people and the seizing of two printing presses. 

1902 - In Tennessee, 22 coal miners were killed by an explosion. 

1904 - In India, hundreds of Tibetans were slaughtered by the British. 

1905 - Kaiser Wilhelm arrived in Tangier proclaiming to support for an independent state of Morocco. 

1906 - The Conference on Moroccan Reforms in Algerciras ended after two months with France and Germany in agreement. 

1906 - The Intercollegiate Athletic Association of the United States was founded to set rules in amateur sports. The organization became the National Collegiate Athletic Association in 1910. 

1908 - 250,000 coal miners in Indianapolis, IN, went on strike to await a wage adjustment. 

1909 - Serbia accepted Austrian control over Bosnia-Herzegovina. 

1917 - The U.S. purchased and took possession of the Virgin Islands from Denmark for $25 million. 

1918 - For the first time in the U.S., Daylight Saving Time went into effect. 

1921 - Great Britain declared a state of emergency because of the thousands of coal miners on strike. 

1923 - In New York City, the first U.S. dance marathon was held. Alma Cummings set a new world record of 27 hours. 

1932 - The Ford Motor Co. debuted its V-8 engine. 

1933 - The U.S. Congress authorized the Civilian Conservation Corps to relieve rampant unemployment. 

1933 - The "Soperton News" in Georgia became the first newspaper to publish using a pine pulp paper. 

1939 - Britain and France agreed to support Poland if Germany threatened invasion. 

1940 - La Guardia airport in New York officially opened to the public. 

1941 - Germany began a counter offensive in North Africa. 

1945 - "The Glass Menagerie" by Tennessee Williams opened on Broadway. 

1946 - Monarchists won the elections in Greece. 

1947 - John L. Lewis called a strike in sympathy for the miners killed in an explosion in Centralia, IL, on March 25, 1947. 

1948 - The Soviets in Germany began controlling the Western trains headed toward Berlin. 

1949 - Winston Churchill declared that the A-bomb was the only thing that kept the U.S.S.R. from taking over Europe. 

1949 - Newfoundland entered the Canadian confederation as its 10th province. 

1958 - The U.S. Navy formed the atomic submarine division. 

1959 - The Dalai Lama (Lhama Dhondrub, Tenzin Gyatso) began exile by crossing the border into India where he was granted political asylum. Gyatso was the 14th Daila Lama. 

1960 - The South African government declared a state of emergency after demonstrations lead to the death of more than 50 Africans. 

1966 - An estimated 200,000 anti-war demonstrators march in New York City. (New York

1966 - The Soviet Union launched Luna 10, which became the first spacecraft to enter a lunar orbit. 

1967 - U.S. President Lyndon Johnson signed the Consular Treaty, the first bi-lateral pact with the Soviet Union since the Bolshevik Revolution. 

1970 - The U.S. forces in Vietnam down a MIG-21, it was the first since September 1968. 

1976 - The New Jersey Supreme Court ruled that Karen Anne Quinlan could be disconnected from a respirator. Quinlan remained comatose until 1985 when she died. 

1980 - U.S. President Carter deregulated the banking industry. 

1981 - In Bangkok, Thailand, four of five Indonesian terrorists were killed after hijacking an airplane on March 28. 

1985 - ABC-TV aired the 200th episode of "The Love Boat." 

1986 - 167 people died when a Mexicana Airlines Boeing 727 crashed in Los Angeles. 

1987 - HBO (Home Box Office) earned its first Oscar for "Down and Out in America". 

1989 - Canada and France signed a fishing rights pact. 

1991 - Albania offered a multi-party election for the first time in 50 years. Incumbent President Ramiz Alia won. 

1991 - Iraqi forces recaptured the northern city of Kirkuk from Kurdish guerillas. 

1993 - Brandon Lee was killed accidentally while filming a movie. 

1994 - "Nature" magazine announced that a complete skull of Australppithecus afarensis had been found in Ethiopia. The finding is of humankind's earliest ancestor. 

1998 - U.N. Security Council imposed arms embargo on Yugoslavia. 

1998 - Buddy Hackett received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. 

1998 - For the first time in U.S. history the federal government's detailed financial statement was released. This occurred under the Clinton administration. 

1999 - Three U.S. soldiers were captured by Yugoslav soldiers three miles from the Yugoslav border in Macedonia. 

1999 - Fabio was hit in the face by a bird during a promotional ride of a new roller coaster at the Busch Gardens theme park in Williamsburg, VA. Fabio received a one-inch cut across his nose. 

2000 - In Uganda, officials set the number of deaths linked to a doomsday religious cult, the Movement for the Restoration of the Ten Commandments, at more than 900. In Kanungu, a March 17 fire at the cult's church killed more than 530 and authorities subsequently found mass graves at various sites linked to the cult. 

2004 - Air America Radio launched five stations around the U.S. 

2004 - Google Inc. announced that it would be introducing a free e-mail service called Gmail.

March 30

1533 - Henry VIII divorced his first wife, Catherine of Aragon. 

1814 - The allied European nations against Napoleon marched into Paris. 

1822 - Florida became a U.S. territory. 

1842 - Dr. Crawford W. Long performed the first operation while his patient was anesthetized by ether. 

1855 - About 5,000 "Border Ruffians" from western Missouri invaded the territory of Kansas and forced the election of a pro-slavery legislature. It was the first election in Kansas. 

1858 - Hyman L. Lipman of Philadelphia patented the pencil. 

1867 - The U.S. purchased Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million dollars. 

1870 - The 15th amendment, guaranteeing the right to vote regardless of race, was passed by the U.S. Congress. 

1870 - Texas was readmitted to the Union. 

1903 - Revolutionary activity in the Dominican Republic brought U.S. troops to Santo Domingo to protect American interests. 

1905 - U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt was chosen to mediate in the Russo-Japanese peace talks. 

1909 - The Queensboro bridge in New York opened linking Manhattan and Queens. It was the first double decker bridge. 

1909 - In Oklahoma, Seminole Indians revolted against meager pay for government jobs. 

1916 - Pancho Villa killed 172 at the Guerrero garrison in Mexico. 

1936 - Britain announced a naval construction program of 38 warships. 

1940 - The Japanese set up a puppet government called Manchuko in Nanking, China. 

1941 - The German Afrika Korps under General Erwin Rommel began its first offensive against British forces in Libya. 

1944 - The U.S. fleet attacked Palau, near the Philippines. 

1945 - The U.S.S.R. invaded Austria during World War II. 

1946 - The Allies seized 1,000 Nazis attempting to revive the Nazi party in Frankfurt. 

1947 - Lord Mountbatten arrived in India as the new Viceroy. 

1950 - The invention of the phototransistor was announced. 

1950 - U.S. President Truman denounced Senator Joe McCarthy as a saboteur of U.S. foreign policy. 

1957 - Tunisia and Morocco signed a friendship treaty in Rabat. 

1958 - The Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater gave its initial performance. 

1964 - "Jeopardy" debuted on NBC-TV. 

1964 - John Glenn withdrew from the Ohio race for U.S. Senate because of injuries suffered in a fall. 

1970 - "Applause" opened on Broadway. 

1970 - "Another World - Somerset" debuted on NBC-TV. 

1972 - The British government assumed direct rule over Northern Ireland. 

1972 - The Eastertide Offensive began when North Vietnamese troops crossed into the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) in the northern portion of South Vietnam. 

1975 - As the North Vietnamese forces moved toward Saigon South Vietnamese soldiers mob rescue jets in desperation. 

1981 - U.S. President Ronald Reagan was shot and wounded in Washington, DC, by John W. Hinckley Jr. Two police officers and Press Secretary James Brady were also wounded. 

1982 - The space shuttle Columbia completed its third and its longest test flight after 8 days in space. 

1984 - The U.S. ended its participation in the multinational peace force in Lebanon. 

1987 - Vincent Van Gogh's "Sunflowers" was bought for $39.85 million. 

1993 - In Sarajevo, two Serb militiamen were sentenced to death for war crimes committed in Bosnia. 

1993 - In the Peanuts comic strip, Charlie Brown hit his first home run. 

1994 - Serbs and Croats signed a cease-fire to end their war in Croatia while Bosnian Muslims and Serbs continued to fight each other. 

1998 - Rolls-Royce was purchased by BMW in a $570 million deal. 

2002 - An unmanned U.S. spy plan crashed at sea in the Southern Philippines. 

2002 - Suspected Islamic militants set off several grenades at a temple in Indian-controlled Kashmir. Four civilians, four policemen and two attackers were killed and 20 people were injured.

March 29

1461 - Edward IV secured his claim to the English thrown by defeating Henry VI’s Lancastrians at the battle of Towdon. 

1638 - First permanent European settlement in Delaware was established. 

1847 - U.S. troops under General Winfield Scott took possession of the Mexican stronghold at Vera Cruz. 

1848 - Niagara Falls stopped flowing for one day due to an ice jam. 

1867 - The British Parliament passed the North America Act to create the Dominion of Canada. 

1882 - The Knights of Columbus organization was granted a charter by the State of Connecticut

1901 - The first federal elections were held in Australia. 

1903 - A regular news service began between New York and London on Marconi's wireless. 

1906 - In the U.S., 500,000 coal miners walked off the job seeking higher wages. 

1913 - The Reichstag announced a raise in taxes in order to finance the new military budget. 

1916 - The Italians call off the fifth attack on Isonzo. 

1932 - Jack Benny made his radio debut. 

1936 - Italy firebombed the Ethiopian city of Harar. 

1941 - The British sank five Italian warships off the Peloponnesus coast in the Mediterranean. 

1943 - In the U.S. rationing of meat, butter and cheese began during World War II. 

1946 - Fiorella LaGuardia became the director general of the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Organization. 

1946 - Gold Coast became the first British colony to hold an African parliamentary majority. 

1951 - The Chinese reject MacArthur's offer for a truce in Korea. 

1951 - In the United States, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were convicted of conspiracy to commit espionage. They were executed in June 19, 1953. 

1961 - The 23rd amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified. The amendment allowed residents of Washington, DC, to vote for president. 

1962 - Cuba opened the trial of the Bay of Pigs invaders. 

1962 - Jack Paar made his final appearance on the "Tonight" show. 

1966 - Leonid Brezhnev became the First Secretary of the Soviet Communist Party. He denounced the American policy in Vietnam and called it one of aggression. 

1967 - France launched its first nuclear submarine. 

1971 - Lt. William Calley Jr., of the U.S. Army, was found guilty of the premeditated murder of at least 22 Vietnamese civilians. He was sentenced to life imprisonment. The trial was the result of the My Lai massacre in Vietnam on March 16, 1968. 

1971 - A jury in Los Angeles recommended the death penalty for Charles Manson and three female followers for the 1969 Tate-La Bianca murders. The death sentences were later commuted to live in prison. 

1973 - "Hommy," the Puerto Rican version of the rock opera "Tommy," opened in New York City. 

1973 - The last U.S. troops left South Vietnam. 

1974 - Mariner 10, the U.S. space probe became the first spacecraft to reach the planet Mercury. It had been launched on November 3, 1973. 

1974 - Eight Ohio National Guardsmen were indicted on charges stemming from the shooting deaths of four students at Kent State University on May 4, 1970. All the guardsmen were later acquitted. 

1975 - Egyptian president Anwar Sadat declared that he would reopen the Suez Canal on June 5, 1975. 

1979 - The Committee on Assassinations Report issued by U.S. House of Representatives stated the assassination of President John F. Kennedy was the result of a conspiracy. 

1982 - The soap opera "Search for Tomorrow" changed from CBS to NBC. 

1986 - A court in Rome acquitted six men in a plot to kill the Pope. 

1987 - Hulk Hogan took 11 minutes, 43 seconds to pin Andre the Giant in front of 93,136 at Wrestlemania III fans at the Silverdome in Pontiac, MI

1992 - Democratic presidential front-runner Bill Clinton said "I didn't inhale and I didn't try it again" in reference to when he had experimented with marijuana. 

1993 - The South Korean government agreed to pay financial support to women who had been forced to have sex with Japanese troops during World War II. 

1993 - Clint Eastwood won his first Oscars. He won them for best film and best director for the film "Unforgiven." 

1995 - The U.S. House of Representatives rejected a constitutional amendment that would have limited terms to 12 years in the U.S.House and Senate. 

1998 - Tennessee won the woman's college basketball championship over Louisiana. Tennessee had set a NCAA record with regular season record or 39-0. 

1999 - At least 87 people died in an earthquake in India's Himalayan foothills. 

1999 - The Dow Jones industrial average closed above the 10,000 mark for the first time. 

2004 - Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia became members of NATO.

March 28

1774 - Britain passed the Coercive Act against Massachusetts

1797 - Nathaniel Briggs patented a washing machine. 

1834 - The U.S. Senate voted to censure President Jackson for the removal of federal deposits from the Bank of the United States. 

1854 - The Crimean War began with Britain and France declaring war on Russia. 

1864 - A group of Copperheads attack Federal soldiers in Charleston, IL. Five were killed and twenty were wounded. 

1865 - Outdoor advertising legislation was enacted in New York. The law banned "painting on stones, rocks and trees." 

1885 - The Salvation Army was officially organized in the U.S. 

1898 - The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that a child born in the U.S. to Chinese immigrants was a U.S. citizen. This meant that they could not be deported under the Chinese Exclusion Act. 

1903 - Anatole France's "Crainquebille" premiered in Paris. 

1905 - The U.S. took full control over Dominican revenues. 

1908 - Automobile owners lobbied the U.S. Congress, supporting a bill that called for vehicle licensing and federal registration. 

1910 - The first seaplane took off from water at Martinques, France. The pilot was Henri Fabre. 

1911 - In New York, suffragists performed the political play "Pageant of Protest." 

1917 - During World War I the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) was founded. 

1921 - U.S. President Warren Harding named William Howard Taft as chief justice of the United States Supreme Court. 

1922 - Bradley A. Fiske patented a microfilm reading device. 

1930 - Constantinople and Angora changed their names to Istanbul and Ankara respectively. 

1933 - In Germany, the Nazis ordered a ban on all Jews in businesses, professions and schools. 

1938 - In Italy, psychiatrists demonstrated the use of electric-shock therapy for treatment of certain mental illnesses. 

1939 - The Spanish Civil War ended as Madrid fell to Francisco Franco. 

1941 - The Italian fleet was defeated by the British at the Battle of Matapan. 

1942 - British naval forces raided the Nazi occupied French port of St. Nazaire. 

1945 - Germany launched the last of the V-2 rockets against England. 

1947 - The American Helicopter Society revealed a flying device that could be strapped to a person's body. 

1962 - The U.S. Air Force announced research into the use of lasers to intercept missiles and satellites. 

1963 - Sonny Werblin announced that the New York Titans of the American Football League was changing its name to the New York Jets. (NFL

1967 - Raymond Burr starred in a TV movie titled "Ironside." The movie was later turned into a television series. 

1968 - The U.S. lost its first F-111 aircraft in Vietnam when it vanished while on a combat mission. North Vietnam claimed that they had shot it down. 

1974 - A streaker ran onto the set of "The Tonight Show starring Johnny Carson." 

1979 - A major accident occurred at Pennsylvania's Three Mile Island nuclear power plant. A nuclear power reactor overheated and suffered a partial meltdown. 

1981 - In Bangkok, Thailand, Indonesian terrorists hijacked an airplane. Four of the five terrorists were killed on March 31. 

1986 - The U.S. Senate passed $100 million aid package for the Nicaraguan contras. 

1986 - More than 6,000 radio stations of all format varieties played "We are the World" simultaneously at 10:15 a.m. EST. 

1990 - Jesse Owens received the Congressional Gold Medal from U.S. President George H.W. Bush

1990 - In Britain, a joint Anglo-U.S. "sting" operation ended with the seizure of 40 capacitors, which can be used in the trigger mechanism of a nuclear weapon. 

1991 - The U.S. embassy in Moscow was severely damaged by fire. 

1994 - Violence between Zulus and African National Congress supporters took the lives of 18 in Johannesburg. 

1999 - Paraguay's President Raúl Cubas Grau resigned after protests inspired by the assassination of Vice-President Luis María Argaña on March 23. The nation's Congress had accused Cubas and his political associate, Gen. Lino César Oviedo, for Cubas' murder. Senate President Luis González Macchi took office as Paraguay's new chief executive. 

2002 - The exhibit "The Italians: Three Centuries of Italian Art" opened at the National Gallery of Australia. 

2010 - China's Zhejiang Geely Holding Group Co. signed a deal to buy Ford Motor Co.'s Volvo car unit.