March 2

1807 - The U.S. Congress passed an act to "prohibit the importation of slaves into any port or place within the jurisdiction of theUnited States... from any foreign kingdom, place, or country." 

1836 - Texas declared its independence from Mexico and an ad interim government was formed. 

1861 - The U.S. Congress created the Territory of Nevada. 

1866 - Excelsior Needle Company began making sewing machine needles. 

1877 - In the U.S., Rutherford B. Hayes was declared the winner of the 1876 presidential election by the U.S. Congress. Samuel J. Tilden, however, had won the popular vote on November 7, 1876. 

1887 - The American Trotting Association was organized in Detroit, MI. 

1897 - U.S. President Cleveland vetoed legislation that would have required a literacy test for immigrants entering the country. 

1899 - Mount Rainier National Park in Washington was established by the U.S. Congress. 

1899 - U.S. President McKinley signed a measure that created the rank of Admiral for the U.S. Navy. The first admiral was George Dewey. 

1900 - The U.S. Congress voted to give $2 million in aid to Puerto Rico. 

1901 - The first telegraph company in Hawaii opened. 

1901 - The U.S. Congress passed the Platt amendment, which limited Cuban autonomy as a condition for withdrawal of U.S. troops. 

1903 - The Martha Washington Hotel opened for business in New York City. The hotel had 416 rooms and was the first hotel exclusively for women. 

1906 - A tornado in Mississippi killed 33 and did $5 million in damage. 

1907 - In Hamburg, Germany, dock workers went on strike after the end of the night shift. British strike breakers were brought in. The issue was settled on April 22, 1907. 

1908 - In New York, the Committee of the Russian Republican Administration was founded. 

1908 - In Paris, Gabriel Lippmann introduced three-dimensional color photography at the Academy of Sciences. 

1911 - Maurice Maeterlinck's "The Bluebird" opened in Paris. 

1917 - The Russian Revolution began with Czar Nicholas II abdicating. 

1917 - Citizens of Puerto Rico were granted U.S. citizenship with the enactment of the Jones Act. 

1925 - State and federal highway officials developed a nationwide route-numbering system and adopted the familiar U.S. shield-shaped, numbered marker. 

1929 - The U.S. Court of Customs & Patent Appeals was created by the U.S. Congress. 

1933 - The motion picture King Kong had its world premiere in New York. 

1939 - The Massachusetts legislature voted to ratify the Bill of Rights to the U.S. Constitution. These first ten amendments had gone into effect 147 years before. 

1946 - Ho Chi Minh was elected President of Vietnam. 

1949 - The B-50 Superfortress Lucky Lady II landed in Fort Worth, TX. The American plane had completed the first non-stop around-the-world flight. 

1962 - Wilt 'The Stilt' Chamberlain scored 100 points against the New York Knicks 169-147. Chamberlain broke several NBArecords in the game. 

1969 - In Toulouse, France, the supersonic transport Concorde made its first test flight. 

1974 - Postage stamps jumped from 8 to 10 cents for first-class mail. 

1983 - The U.S.S.R. performed an underground nuclear test. 

1984 - The first McDonald's franchise was closed. A new location was opened across the street from the old location in Des Plaines,IL. 

1985 - The U.S. government approved a screening test for AIDS that detected antibodies to the virus that allowed possibly contaminated blood to be kept out of the blood supply. 

1986 - Corazon Aquino was sworn into office as president of the Philippines. Her first public declaration was to restore the civil rights of the citizens of her country. 

1987 - The U.S. government reported that the median price for a new home had gone over $100,000 for the first time. 

1989 - Representatives from the 12 European Community nations all agreed to ban all production of CFCs (chlorofluorocarbons) by the end of the 20th century. 

1995 - Russian anti-corruption journalist Vladislav Listyev was killed by a gunman in Moscow. 

1995 - Nick Leeson was arrested for his role in the collapse of Britain's Barings Bank. 

1998 - The U.N. Security Council endorsed U.N. chief Kofi Annan's deal to open Iraq's presidential palaces to arms inspectors. 

1998 - Images from the American spacecraft Galileo indicated that the Jupiter moon Europa has a liquid ocean and a source of interior heat. 

2000 - In Great Britain, Chile's former President Augusto Pinochet Ugarte was freed from house arrest and allowed to return to Chile. Britain's Home Secretary Jack Straw had concluded that Pinochet was mentally and physically unable to stand trial. Belgium, France, Spain and Switzerland had sought the former Chilean leader on human-rights violations. 

2003 - Over the Sea of Japan, there was a confrontation between four armed North Korean fighter jets and a U.S. RC-135S Cobra Ball. No shots were fired in the encounter in international airspace about 150 miles off North Korea's coast. The U.S. Air Force announced that it would resume reconnaissance flights on March 12. 

2004 - NASA announced that the Mars rover Opportunity had discovered evidence that water had existed on Mars in the past. 

2011 - Steve Jobs unveiled Apple's iPad 2.

March 1

1498 - Vasco de Gama landed at what is now Mozambique on his way to India. 

1562 - In Vassy, France, Catholics massacred over 1,000 Huguenots. The event started the First War of Religion. 

1692 - In Salem Village, in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the Salem witch trials began. Four women were the first to be charged. 

1781 - In America, the Continental Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation. 

1784 - In Great Britain, E. Kidner opened the first cooking school. 

1790 - The U.S. Congress authorized the first U.S. census. 

1803 - Ohio became the 17th U.S. state. 

1810 - Sweden became the first country to appoint an Ombudsman, Lars August Mannerheim. 

1811 - Egyptian ruler Mohammed Ali massacred the leaders of the Mameluke dynasty. 

1815 - Napoleon returned to France from the island of Elba. He had been forced to abdicate in April of 1814. 

1845 - U.S. President Tyler signed the congressional resolution to annex the Republic of Texas. 

1862 - Prussia formally recognized the Kingdom of Italy. 

1864 - Louis Ducos de Hauron patented a machine for taking and projecting motion pictures. The machine was never built. 

1867 - Nebraska became the 37th U.S. state. 

1869 - Postage stamps with scenes were issued for the first time. 

1872 - The U.S. Congress authorized the creation of Yellowstone National Park. It was the world's first national park. 

1873 - E. Remington and Sons of Ilion, NY, began the manufacturing the first practical typewriter. 

1879 - The library of Hawaii was established. 

1890 - "Literary Digest" was available for the first time. 

1896 - The Battle of Adowa began in Ethiopia between the forces of Emperor Menelik II and Italian troops. The Italians were defeated. 

1900 - In South Africa, Ladysmith was relieved by British troops after being under siege by the Boers for more than four months. 

1907 - In Odessa, Russia, there were only about 15,000 Jews left due to evacuations. 

1907 - In Spain, a royal decree abolished civil marriages. 

1907 - In New York, the Salvation Army opened an anti-suicide bureau. 

1911 - Industrialist Henry Frick acquired Velasquez's "Portrait of King Philip IV." 

1911 - Jose Ordonez was elected President of Uraguay. 

1912 - Captain Albert Berry made the first parachute jump from a moving airplane. 

1927 - The Bank of Italy became a National Bank. 

1932 - The 22-month-old son of Charles and Anne Lindbergh was kidnapped. The child was found dead in May. 

1937 - U.S. Steel raised workers’ wages to $5 a day. 

1937 - In Connecticut, the first permanent automobile license plates were issued. 

1941 - FM Radio began in Nashville, TN, when station W47NV began operations. 

1941 - Bulgaria joined the Axis powers by signing the Tripartite Pact. 

1941 - "Duffy’s Tavern" debuted on CBS Radio. 

1947 - The International Monetary Fund began operations. 

1947 - Chinese Premier T.V. Soong resigned. 

1949 - Joe Louis announced that he was retiring from boxing as world heavyweight boxing champion. 

1950 - Klaus Fuchs was convicted of giving U.S. atomic secrets to the Soviet Union. 

1954 - The United States announced that it had conducted a hydrogen bomb test on the Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean. 

1954 - Five U.S. congressmen were wounded when four Puerto Rican nationalists opened fire from the gallery of the U.S. House of Representatives. 

1959 - Archbishop Makarios returned to Cyprus from exile. 

1961 - The Peace Corps was established by U.S. President Kennedy. 

1962 - Pakistan announced that it had a new constitution that set up a presidential system of government. 

1966 - The Soviet probe, Venera 3 crashed on the planet Venus. It was the first unmanned spacecraft to land on the surface of another planet. 

1966 - Ghana ordered all Soviet, East German and Chinese technicians to leave the country. 

1969 - Mickey Mantle announced his retirement from major league baseball. 

1971 - A bomb exploded in a restroom in the Senate wing of the U.S. Capitol. There were no injuries. A U.S. group protesting the Vietnam War claimed responsibility. 

1974 - Seven people were indicted in connection with the Watergate break-in. The charge was conspiring to obstruct justice. 

1983 - The New Jersey Transit strike began. It ended on April 2. 

1984 - The U.S.S.R. performed a nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan, Semipalatinsk, U.S.S.R. 

1987 - The Boston Celtics defeated Detroit 112-102 to post their 2,235th NBA win. 

1987 - S&H Green Stamps became S&H Green Seals. The stamps were introduced 90 years earlier. 

1988 - Soviet troops were sent into Azerbaijan after ethnic riots between Armenians and Azerbaijanis. 

1989 - In Washington, DC, Mayor Barry and the City council imposed a curfew on minors. 

1990 - In Cairo, 16 people were killed in a fire at the Sheraton Hotel. 

1992 - Bosnian Serb snipers fired upon civilians after a majority of the Moslem and Croatian communities voted in favor of Bosnia's independence. 

1992 - King Fahd of Saudi Arabia announced major political reforms that ceded some powers after 10 years of disciplined rule. 

1992 - Bosnian Muslims and Croats voted to secede from Yugoslavia. 

1993 - The U.S. government announced that the number of food stamp recipients had reached a record number of 26.6 million. 

1994 - Israel released about 500 Arab prisoners in an effort to placate Palestinians over the Hebron massacre. 

1995 - The European Parliament rejected legislation that would have allowed biotechnology companies to patent new life forms. 

1995 - Yahoo! was incorporated. 

1999 - The Angolan Embassy in Lusaka, Zambia, exploded. Four other bombs went off in the capital. 

1999 - In Uganda, eight tourists were brutally murdered by Hutu rebels. 

2002 - Operation Anaconda began in eastern Afghanistan. Allied forces were fighting against Taliban and Al Quaida fighters. 

2003 - In New York, a $250,000 Salvador Dali sketch was stolen from a display case in the lobby at Rikers Island jail. On June 17, 2003, it was announced that four corrections officers had surrendered and pled innocent in connection to the theft. The mixed-media composition was a sketch of the crucifixion. 

2003 - In the U.S., approximately 180,000 personnel from 22 different organizations around the government became part of the Department of Homeland Security. This completed the largest government reorganization since the beginning of the Cold War. 

2003 - Khalid Shaikh Mohammed was captured by CIA and Pakistani agents near Islamabad. He was the suspected mastermind behind the terrorist attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001.

December 31

1687 - The first Huguenots set sail from France for the Cape of Good Hope, where they would later create the South African wine industry with the vines they took with them on the voyage. 

1695 - The window tax was imposed in Britain, which resulted in many windows being bricked up. 

1711 - The Duke of Marlborough was dismissed as commander-in-chief. 

1775 - The British repulsed an attack by Continental Army generals Richard Montgomery and Benedict Arnold at Quebec. Montgomery was killed in the battle. 

1841 - The State of Alabama enacted the first dental legislation in the U.S. 

1857 - Britain's Queen Victoria decided to make Ottawa the capital of Canada. 

1862 - U.S. President Lincoln signed an act admitting West Virginia to the Union. 

1877 - U.S. President Rutherford B. Hayes became the first U.S. President to celebrate his silver (25th) wedding anniversary in the White House. 

1879 - Thomas Edison gave his first public demonstration of incandescent lighting to an audience in Menlo Park, NJ. 

1891 - New York's new Immigration Depot was opened at Ellis Island, to provide improved facilities for the massive numbers of arrivals. 

1897 - Brooklyn, NY, spent its last day as a separate entity before becoming part of New York City. 

1923 - In London, the BBC first broadcast the chimes of Big Ben. 

1929 - Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians played "Auld Lang Syne" as a New Year's Eve song for the first time. 

1946 - U.S. President Truman officially proclaimed the end of hostilities in World War II. 

1947 - Roy Rogers and Dale Evans were married. 

1953 - Willie Shoemaker broke his own record as he won his 485th race of the year. 

1954 - The last episode of the radio show "Adventures of Wild Bill Hickok" aired. 

1955 - General Motors became the first U.S. corporation to earn more than one billion dollars in a single year. 

1960 - The farthing coin, which had been in use in Great Britain since the 13th century, ceased to be legal tender. 

1961 - In the U.S., the Marshall Plan expired after distributing more than $12 billion in foreign aid. 

1967 - The Green Bay Packers won the National Football League championship game by defeating the Dallas Cowboys 21-17. The game is known as the Ice Bowl since it was played in a wind chill of 40 degrees below zero. (NFL) 

1974 - Private U.S. citizens were allowed to buy and own gold for the first time in more than 40 years. 

1978 - Taiwanese diplomats struck their colors for the final time from the embassy flagpole in Washington, DC. The event marked the end of diplomatic relations with the U.S. 

1979 - At year end oil prices were 88% higher than at the start of 1979. 

1986 - A fire at the Dupont Plaza Hotel in San Juan, Puerto Rico, killed 97 and injured 140 people. Three hotel workers later pled guilty to charges in connection with the fire. 

1990 - Titleholder Gary Kasparov of the U.S.S.R. won the world chess championship match against his countryman Anatoly Karpov. 

1996 - NCR Corp. became an independent company. 

1997 - Michael Kennedy, 39-year-old son of the late U.S. Sen. Robert F. Kennedy, was killed in a skiing accident on Aspen Mountain in Colorado. 

1999 - Russian President Boris Yeltsin resigned. Prime Minister Vladimir Putin was designated acting president. 

1999 - Five hijackers left the airport where they had been holding 150 hostages on an Indian Airlines plane. They left with two Islamic clerics that they had demanded be freed from an Indian prison. The plane had been hijacked during a flight from Katmandu, Nepal to New Dehli on December 24. 

1999 - Sarah Knauss died at the age of 119 years. She was the world's oldest person. She was born September 24, 1880.

December 30

1460 - At the Battle of Wakefield, in England's Wars of the Roses, the Duke of York was defeated and killed by the Lancastrians. 

1853 - The United States bought about 45,000 square miles of land from Mexico in a deal known as the Gadsden Purchase. 

1879 - Gilbert and Sullivan's "The Pirates of Penzance" was first performed, at Paignton, Devon, England. 

1880 - The Transvaal was declared a republic. Paul Kruger became its first president. 

1887 - A petition to Queen Victoria with over one million names of women appealing for public houses to be closed on Sundays was handed to the home secretary. 

1903 - About 600 people died when fire broke out at the Iroquois Theater in Chicago, IL. 

1919 - Lincoln's Inn, in London, admitted the first female bar student. 

1922 - The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was formed. 

1924 - Edwin Hubble announced the existence of other galactic systems. 

1927 - The first subway in the Orient was dedicated in Tokyo, Japan. 

1935 - Italian bombers destroyed a Sweedish Red Cross unit in Ethiopia. 

1936 - The United Auto Workers union staged its first sit-down strike, at the Fisher Body Plant in Flint, MI. 

1940 - California's first freeway was officially opened. It was the Arroyo Seco Parkway connecting Los Angeles and Pasadena. 

1942 - "Mr. and Mrs. North" debuted on NBC radio. 

1944 - King George II of Greece proclaimed a regency to rule his country, virtually renouncing the throne. 

1947 - King Michael of Romania abdicated in favor of a Communist Republic. He claimed he was forced from his throne. 

1948 - "Kiss Me Kate" opened at the New Century Theatre in New York City. Cole Porter composed the music for the classic play that ran for 1,077 performances. 

1953 - The first color TV sets went on sale for about $1,175. 

1954 - Pearl Bailey opened on Broadway in the play, "House of Flowers." 

1954 - James Arness made his dramatic TV debut in "The Chase". The "Gunsmoke" series didn’t begin for Arness until the fall of 1955. 

1961 - Jack Nicklaus lost his first attempt at pro golf to Gary Player in an exhibition match in Miami, FL. 

1972 - The United States halted its heavy bombing of North Vietnam. 

1976 - The Smothers Brothers, Tom and Dick, played their last show at the Aladdin Hotel in Las Vegas and retired as a team from show business. Both continued as solo artists and they reunited several years later. 

1978 - Ohio State University fired Woody Hayes as its football coach, one day after Hayes punched Clemson University player Charlie Bauman during the Gator Bowl. Bauman had intercepted an Ohio pass. 

1980 - "The Wonderful World of Disney" was cancelled by NBC after more than 25 years on the TV. It was the longest-running series in prime-time television history. 
Disney movies, music and books 

1993 - Israel and the Vatican established diplomatic relations. 

1996 - A passenger train was bombed by Bodo separatists in India's eastern state of Assam. At least 26 people were killed and dozens were seriously injured. 

1996 - About 250,000 striking workers shut down vital services across Israel in protests against budget cuts proposed by Prime Minister Netanyahu. 

1997 - More than 400 people were massacred in four villages in the single worst incident during Algeria's insurgency.

December 29

1170 - St. Thomas à Becket, the 40th archbishop of Canterbury, was murdered in his own cathedral by four knights acting on Henry II's orders. 

1812 - The USS Constitution won a battle with the British ship HMS Java about 30 miles off the coast of Brazil. Before Commodore William Bainbridge ordered the sinking of the Java he had her wheel removed to replace the one the Constitution had lost during the battle. 

1813 - The British burned Buffalo, NY, during the War of 1812. 

1837 - Canadian militiamen destroyed the Caroline, a U.S. steamboat docked at Buffalo, NY. 

1845 - U.S. President James Polk and signed legislation making Texas the 28th state of the United States. 

1848 - U.S. President James Polk turned on the first gas light at the White House. 

1851 - The first American Young Men's Christian Association was organized, in Boston, MA. 

1860 - The HMS Warrior, Britain's first seagoing first iron-hulled warship, was launched. 

1888 - The first performance of Macbeth took place at the Lyceum Theatre. 

1890 - The U.S. Seventh Cavalry massacred over 400 men, women and children at Wounded Knee Creek, SD. This was the last major conflict between Indians and U.S. troops. 

1895 - The Jameson Raid from Mafikeng into Transvaal, which attempted to overthrow Kruger's Boer government, started. 

1911 - Sun Yat-sen became the first president of a republican China. 

1913 - "The Unwelcome Throne" was released by Selig’s Polyscope Company. This was a moving picture and the first serial motion picture. 

1934 - The first regular-season, college basketball game was played at Madison Square Garden in New York City. New York University defeated Notre Dame 25-18. 

1934 - Japan renounced the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922 and the London Naval Treaty of 1930. 

1937 - Babe Ruth returned to baseball as the new manager of the Class D, De Land Reds of the Florida State League. Ruth had retired from baseball in 1935. 

1940 - During World War II, Germany began dropping incendiary bombs on London. 

1945 - The mystery voice of Mr. Hush was heard for the first time on the radio show, "Truth or Consequences", hosted by Ralph Edwards. 

1945 - Sheb Wooley recorded the first commercial record made in Nashville, TN. 

1949 - KC2XAK of Bridgeport, Connecticut became the first ultrahigh frequency (UHF) television station to begin operating on a regular daily schedule. 

1952 - The first transistorized hearing aid was offered for sale by Sonotone Corporation. 

1953 - Jean Stapleton debuted in her first Broadway play, "In the Summer House", which closed after only 55 performances. 

1972 - Following 36 years of publication, the last weekly issue of "LIFE" magazine hit the newsstands. The magazine later became a monthly publication. 

1975 - A bomb exploded in the main terminal of New York's LaGuardia Airport. 11 people were killed. 

1985 - Phil Donahue and a Soviet radio commentator hosted the "Citizens’ Summit" via satellite TV. 

1986 - The Biltmore Hotel in Coral Gables, FL, reopened for business after eighteen years and $47 million expended on restoration. 

1989 - Following Hong Kong's decision to forcibly repatriate some Vietnamese refugees, thousands of Vietnamese 'boat people' battled with riot police. 

1996 - The Guatemalan government and leaders of the leftist Guatemalan National Revolutionary Union signed a peace accord in Guatemala City, ending a civil war that had lasted 36 years. 

1997 - Hong Kong began killing 1.25 million chickens, the entire population, for fear of the spread of 'bird flu'. 

1998 - Khmer Rouge leaders apologized for the 1970s genocide in Cambodia that claimed 1 million lives.