March 7

0322 BC - Aristotle, the Greek philosopher, died. 

1774 - The British closed the port of Boston to all commerce. 

1799 - In Palestine, Napoleon captured Jaffa and his men massacred more than 2,000 Albanian prisoners. 

1848 - In Hawaii, the Great Mahele was signed. 

1849 - The Austrian Reichstag was dissolved. 

1850 - U.S. Senator Daniel Webster endorsed the Compromise of 1850 as a method of preserving the Union. 

1854 - Charles Miller received a patent for the sewing machine. 

1876 - Alexander Graham Bell received a patent (U.S. Patent No. 174,465) for his telephone. 

1901 - It was announced that blacks had been found enslaved in parts of South Carolina. 

1904 - The Japanese bombed the Russian town of Vladivostok. 

1904 - In Springfield, OH, a mob broke into a jail and shot a black man accused of murder. 

1906 - Finland granted women the right to vote. 

1908 - Cincinnati's mayor, Mark Breith announced before the city council that, "Women are not physically fit to operate automobiles." 

1911 - Willis Farnworth patented the coin-operated locker. 

1911 - In the wake of the Mexican Revolution, the U.S. sent 20,000 troops to the border of Mexico. 

1918 - Finland signed an alliance treaty with Germany. 

1925 - The Soviet Red Army occupied Outer Mongolia. 

1927 - A Texas law that banned Negroes from voting was ruled unconstitutional by the U.S. Supreme Court. 

1933 - CBS radio debuted "Marie The Little French Princess." It was the first daytime radio serial. 

1933 - The board game Monopoly was invented. 

1935 - Malcolm Campbell set an auto speed record of 276.8 mph in Florida. 

1936 - Hitler sent German troops into the Rhineland in violation of the Locarno Pact and the Treaty of Versailles. 

1942 - Japanese troops landed on New Guinea. 

1945 - During World War II, U.S. forces crossed the Rhine River at Remagen, Germany. 

1947 - John L. Lewis declared that only a totalitarian regime could prevent strikes. 

1951 - U.N. forces in Korea under General Matthew Ridgeway launched Operation Ripper against the Chinese. 

1954 - Russia appeared for the first time in ice-hockey competition. Russia defeated Canada 7-2 to win the world ice-hockey title in Stockholm, Sweden. 

1955 - "Peter Pan" was presented as a television special for the first time. 

1955 - Baseball commissioner Ford Frick said that he was in favor of legalizing the spitball. 

1955 - Phyllis Diller made her debut at the Purple Onion in San Francisco, CA. 

1959 - Melvin C. Garlow became the first pilot to fly over a million miles in jet airplanes. 

1965 - State troopers and a sheriff's posse broke up a march by civil rights demonstrators in Selma, AL. 

1968 - The Battle of Saigon came to an end. 

1971 - A thousand U.S. planes bombed Cambodia and Laos. 

1975 - The U.S. Senate revised the filibuster rule. The new rule allowed 60 senators to limit debate instead of the previous two-thirds. 

1981 - Anti-government guerrillas in Colombia executed the kidnapped American Bible translator Chester Allen Bitterman. The guerrillas accused Bitterman of being a CIA agent. 

1983 - TNN (The Nashville Network) began broadcasting. 

1985 - "Commonwealth" magazine ceased publication after five decades. 

1985 - The first AIDS antibody test, an ELISA-type test, was released. 

1987 - Mike Tyson became the youngest heavyweight titleholder when he beat James Smith in a decision during a 12-round fight in Las Vegas, NV. 

1989 - Poland accused the Soviet Union of a World War II massacre in Katyn. 

1994 - The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that parodies that poke fun at an original work can be considered "fair use" that does not require permission from the copyright holder. 

1994 - In Moldova, a referendum was rejected by 90% of voters to form a union with Rumania. 

1999 - In El Salvador, Francisco Flores Pérez of the ruling Nationalist Republican Alliance (Arena) was elected president. 

2002 - A federal judge awarded Anna Nicole Smith more than $88 million in damages. The ruling was the latest in a legal battle over the estate of Smith's late husband, J. Howard Marshall II. 

2003 - Scientists at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center announced that they had transferred 6.7 gigabytes of uncompressed data from Sunnvale, CA, to Amsterdam, Netherlands, in 58 seconds. The data was sent via fiber-optic cables and traveled 6,800 miles. 

2009 - NASA's Kepler Mission, a space photometer for searching for extrasolar planets in the Milky Way galaxy, was launched from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida. 

2012 - The successor to Apple's iPad2 was unveiled. 

March 6

1521 - Ferdinand Magellan discovered Guam. 

1808 - At Harvard University, the first college orchestra was founded. 

1820 - The Missouri Compromise was enacted by the U.S. Congress and signed by U.S. President James Monroe. The act admittedMissouri into the Union as a slave state, but prohibited slavery in the rest of the northern Louisiana Purchase territory. 

1834 - The city of York in Upper Canada was incorporated as Toronto. 

1836 - The thirteen-day siege of the Alamo by Santa Anna and his army ended. The Mexican army of three thousand men defeated the 189 Texas volunteers. 

1854 - At the Washington Monument, several men stole the Pope's Stone from the lapidarium. 

1857 - The U.S. Supreme Court's Dred Scott decision ruled that blacks could not sue in federal court to be citizens. 

1886 - "The Nightingale" was first published. It was the first magazine for nurses. 

1899 - Aspirin was patented by German researchers Felix Hoffman and Hermann Dreser. 

1900 - In West Virginia, an explosion trapped 50 coal miners underground. 

1901 - An assassin tried to kill Wilhelm II of Germany in Bremen. 

1907 - British creditors of the Dominican Republic claimed that the U.S. had failed to collect debts. 

1928 - A Communist attack on Peking, China resulted in 3,000 dead and 50,000 fled to Swatow. 

1939 - In Spain, Jose Miaja took over the Madrid government after a military coup and vowed to seek "peace with honor." 

1941 - Les Hite and his orchestra recorded "The World is Waiting for the Sunrise". 

1944 - During World War II, U.S. heavy bombers began the first American raid on Berlin. Allied planes dropped 2000 tons of bombs. 

1946 - Ho Chi Minh, the President of Vietnam, struck an agreement with France that recognized his country as an autonomous state within the Indochinese Federation and the French Union. 

1947 - The U.S. Supreme Court upheld the contempt conviction of John L. Lewis. 

1947 - Winston Churchill announced that he opposed British troop withdrawals from India. 

1947 - The first air-conditioned naval ship, "The Newport News," was launched from Newport News, VA. 

1957 - The British African colonies of the Gold Coast and Togoland became the independent state of Ghana. 

1960 - Switzerland granted women the right to vote in municipal elections. 

1960 - The United States announced that it would send 3,500 troops to Vietnam. 

1964 - Tom O’Hara set a new world indoor record when he ran the mile in 3 minutes, 56.4 seconds. 

1967 - U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson announced his plan to establish a draft lottery. 

1970 - Charles Manson released his album "Lies" to finance his defense against murder charges. 

1973 - U.S. President Richard Nixon imposed price controls on oil and gas. 

1975 - Iran and Iraq announced that they had settled their border dispute. 

1980 - Islamic militants in Tehran said that they would turn over American hostages to the Revolutionary Council. 

1981 - Walter Cronkite appeared on his last episode of "CBS Evening News with Walter Cronkite." He had been on the job 19 years. 

1981 - U.S. President Reagan announced a plan to cut 37,000 federal jobs. 

1982 - National Basketball Association history was made when San Antonio beat Milwaukee 171-166 in three overtime periods to set the record for most points by two teams in a game. The record was beaten on December 13, 1983 by the Pistons and the Nuggets when they played to a final score of 186-184 

1983 - The United States Football League began its first season of pro football competition. 

1985 - Yul Brynner played his his 4,500th performance in the musical "The King and I." 

1987 - The British ferry Herald of Free Enterprise capsized in the Channel off the coast of Belgium. 189 people died. 

1990 - In Afghanistan, an attempted coup to remove President Najibullah from office failed. 

1990 - The Russian Parliament passed a law that sanctioned the ownership of private property. 

1991 - In Paris, five men were jailed for plotting to smuggle Libyan arms to the Irish Republican Army. 

1992 - The last episode of "The Cosby Show" aired. The show had been on since September of 1984. 

1992 - The computer virus "Michelangelo" went into effect. 

1997 - A gunman stole "Tete de Femme," a million-dollar Picasso portrait, from a London gallery. The painting was recovered a week later. 

1997 - Britain's Queen Elizabeth II launched the first official royal Web site. 

1998 - A Connecticut state lottery accountant gunned down three supervisors and the lottery chief before killing himself.

March 5

1623 - The first alcohol temperance law in the colonies was enacted in Virginia. 

1624 - In the American colony of Virginia, the upper class was exempted from whipping by legislation. 

1750 - "King Richard III" was performed in New York City. It was the first Shakespearean play to be presented in America. 

1766 - The first Spanish governor of Louisiana, Antonio de Ulloa, arrived in New Orleans. 

1770 - "The Boston Massacre" took place when British troops fired on a crowd in Boston killing five people. Two British troops were later convicted of manslaughter. 

1793 - Austrian troops defeated the French and recaptured Liege. 

1842 - A Mexican force of over 500 men under Rafael Vasquez invaded Texas for the first time since the revolution. They briefly occupied San Antonio, but soon headed back to the Rio Grande. 

1845 - The U.S. Congress appropriated $30,000 to ship camels to the western U.S. 

1864 - For the first time, Oxford met Cambridge in track and field competition in England. 

1867 - An abortive Fenian uprising against English rule took place in Ireland. 

1868 - The U.S. Senate was organized into a court of impeachment to decide charges against President Andrew Johnson. 

1872 - George Westinghouse patented the air brake. 

1900 - Two U.S. battleships left for Nicaragua to halt revolutionary disturbances. 

1901 - Germany and Britain began negotiations with hopes of creating an alliance. 

1902 - In France, the National Congress of Miners decided to call for a general strike for an 8-hour day. 

1907 - In St. Petersburg, Russia, the new Duma opened. 40,000 demonstrators were dispersed by troops. 

1910 - In Philadelphia, PA, 60,000 people left their jobs to show support for striking transit workers. 

1910 - The Moroccan envoy signed the 1909 agreement with France. 

1912 - The Italians became the first to use dirigibles for military purposes. They used them for reconnaissance flights behind Turkish lines west of Tripoli. 

1918 - The Soviets moved the capital of Russia from Petrograd to Moscow. 

1922 - "Annie Oakley" (Phoebe Ann Moses) broke all existing records for women's trap shooting. She hit 98 out of 100 targets. 

1923 - Old-age pension laws were enacted in the states of Montana and Nevada. 

1924 - Frank Caruana of Buffalo, NY, became the first bowler to roll two perfect games in a row. 

1933 - U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered a four-day bank holiday in order to stop large amounts of money from being withdrawn from banks. 

1933 - The Nazi Party won 44 percent of the vote in German parliamentary elections. 

1934 - In Amarillo, TX, the first Mother's-In-Law Day was celebrated. 

1943 - Germany called fifteen- and sixteen-year-olds for military service due to war losses. 

1946 - Winston Churchill delivered his "Iron Curtain Speech". 

1946 - The U.S. sent protests to the U.S.S.R. on incursions into Manchuria and Iran. 

1953 - Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin died. He had been in power for 29 years. 

1956 - The U.S. Supreme Court affirmed the ban on segregation in public schools. 

1969 - Gustav Heinemann was elected West German President. 

1970 - A nuclear non-proliferation treaty went into effect after 43 nations ratified it. 

1976 - The British pound fell below the equivalent of $2 for the first time in history. 

1977 - U.S. President Jimmy Carter appeared on CBS News with Walter Cronkite for the first "Dial-a-President" radio talk show. 

1984 - The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that cities had the right to display the Nativity scene as part of their Christmas display. 

1984 - The U.S. accused Iraq of using poison gas. 

1985 - Mike Bossy (New York Islanders) became the first National Hockey League player to score 50 goals in eight consecutive seasons. 

1993 - Cuban President Fidel Castro said that Hillary Clinton was "a beautiful woman." 

1993 - Sprinter Ben Johnson was banned from racing for life by the Amateur Athletic Association after testing positive for banned performance-enhancing substances for a second time. 

1997 - North Korea and South Korea met for first time in 25 years for peace talks. 

1997 - Chuck Niles received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. 

1998 - NASA announced that an orbiting craft had found enough water on the moon to support a human colony and rocket fueling station. 

1998 - It was announced that Air Force Lt. Col. Eileen Collins would lead crew of Columbia on a mission to launch a large X-ray telescope. She was the first woman to command a space shuttle mission. 

March 4

1634 - Samuel Cole opened the first tavern in Boston, MA. 

1681 - England's King Charles II granted a charter to William Penn for an area that later became the state of Pennsylvania. 

1766 - The British Parliament repealed the Stamp Act, which had caused bitter and violent opposition in the U.S. colonies. 

1778 - The Continental Congress voted to ratify the Treaty of Amity and Commerce and the Treaty of Alliance. The two treaties were the first entered into by the U.S. government. 

1789 - The first Congress of the United States met in New York and declared that the U.S. Constitution was in effect. 

1791 - Vermont was admitted as the 14th U.S. state. It was the first addition to the original 13 American colonies. 

1794 - The 11th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was passed by the U.S. Congress. The Amendment limited the jurisdiction of the federal courts to automatically hear cases brought against a state by the citizens of another state. Later interpretations expanded this to include citizens of the state being sued, as well. 

1813 - The Russians fighting against Napoleon reached Berlin. The French garrison evacuated the city without a fight. 

1826 - The first railroad in the U.S. was chartered. It was the Granite Railway in Quincy, MA. 

1837 - The state of Illinois granted a city charter to Chicago. 

1861 - The Confederate States of America adopted the "Stars and Bars" flag. 

1877 - Emile Berliner invented the microphone. 

1880 - Halftone engraving was used for the first time when the "Daily Graphic" was published in New York City. 

1881 - Eliza Ballou Garfield became the first mother of a U.S. President to live in the executive mansion. 

1902 - The American Automobile Association was founded in Chicago. 

1904 - In Korea, Russian troops retreated toward the Manchurian border as 100,000 Japanese troops advanced. 

1908 - The New York board of education banned the act of whipping students in school. 

1908 - France notified signatories of Algeciras that it would send troops to Chaouia, Morocco. 

1914 - Doctor Fillatre successfully separated Siamese twins. 

1917 - Jeanette Rankin of Montana took her seat as the first woman elected to the House of Representatives. 

1925 - Calvin Coolidge took the oath of office in Washington, DC. The presidential inauguration was broadcast on radio for the first time. 

1930 - Emma Fahning became the first woman bowler to bowl a perfect game in competition run by the Women’s International Bowling Congress in Buffalo, NY. 

1933 - U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt gave his inauguration speech in which he said "We have nothing to fear, but fear itself." 

1933 - Labor Secretary Frances Perkins became the first woman to serve in a Presidential administrative cabinet. 

1942 - "Junior Miss" starring Shirley Temple aired on CBS radio for the first time. 

1942 - The Stage Door Canteen opened on West 44th Street in New York City. 

1947 - France and Britain signed an alliance treaty. 

1950 - Walt Disney’s "Cinderella" was released across the U.S. 
Disney movies, music and books 

1952 - U.S. President Harry Truman dedicated the "Courier," the first seagoing radio broadcasting station. 

1952 - Ronald Reagan and Nancy Davis were married. 

1954 - In Boston, Peter Bent Brigham Hospital reported the first successful kidney transplant. 

1974 - "People" magazine was available for the first time. 

1975 - Queen Elizabeth knighted Charlie Chaplin. 

1986 - "Today" debuted in London as England’s newest, national, daily newspaper. 

1989 - Time, Inc. and Warner Communications Inc. announced a plan to merge. 

1991 - Sheik Saad al-Jaber al-Sabah, the prime minister of Kuwait, returned to his country for the first time since Iraq's invasion. 

1994 - Bosnia's Croats and Moslems signed an agreement to form a federation in a loose economic union with Croatia. 

1997 - U.S. President Clinton barred federal spending on human cloning. 

1998 - Microsoft repaired software that apparently allowed hackers to shut down computers in government and university offices nationwide. 

1998 - The U.S. Supreme Court said that federal law banned on-the-job sexual harassment even when both parties are the same sex. 

1999 - Monica Lewinsky's book about her affair with U.S. President Clinton went on sale in the U.S. 

2002 - Canada banned human embryo cloning but permitted government-funded scientists to use embryos left over from fertility treatment or abortions. 

March 3

1791 - The U.S. Congress passed a resolution that created the U.S. Mint. 

1803 - The first impeachment trial of a U.S. Judge, John Pickering, began. 

1812 - The U.S. Congress passed the first foreign aid bill. 

1817 - The first commercial steamboat route from Louisville to New Orleans was opened. 

1845 - Florida became the 27th U.S. state. 

1845 - The U.S. Congress passed legislation overriding a U.S. President’s veto. It was the first time the Congress had achieved this. 

1849 - The U.S. Department of the Interior was established. 

1849 - The Gold Coinage Act was passed by the U.S. Congress. It allowed the minting of gold coins. 

1849 - The U.S. Congress created the territory of Minnesota. 

1851 - The U.S. Congress authorized the 3-cent piece. It was the smallest U.S. silver coin. 

1857 - Britain and France declared war on China. 

1863 - Free city delivery of mail was authorized by the U.S. Postal Service. 

1875 - The U.S. Congress authorized the 20-cent piece. It was only used for 3 years. 

1878 - Russia and the Ottomans signed the treaty of San Stenafano. The treaty granted independence to Romania, Serbia, Montenegro, and the autonomy of Bulgaria. 

1885 - The American Telephone and Telegraph (AT&T) was incorporated in New York as a subsidiary of the American Bell Telephone Company. 

1885 - The U.S. Post Office began offering special delivery for first-class mail. 

1894 - The "Atlantis" was first published. It was the first Greek newspaper in America. 

1900 - Striking miners in Germany returned to work. 

1903 - In St. Louis, MO, Barney Gilmore was arrested for spitting. 

1903 - The U.S. imposed a $2 head tax on immigrants. 

1904 - Wilhelm II of Germany made the first recording of a political document with Thomas Edison's cylinder. 

1905 - The Russian Czar agreed to create an elected assembly. 

1906 - A Frenchman tried the first flight in an airplane with tires. 

1908 - The U.S. government declared open war on on U.S. anarchists. 

1909 - Aviators Herring, Curtiss and Bishop announced that airplanes would be made commercially in the U.S. 

1910 - J.D. Rockefeller Jr. announced his withdrawal from business to administer his father's fortune for an "uplift in humanity". He also appealed to the U.S. Congress for the creation of the Rockefeller Foundation. 

1910 - In New York, Robert Forest founded the National Housing Association to fight deteriorating urban living conditions. 

1910 - Nicaraguan rebels admitted defeat in open war and resorted to guerrilla tactics in the hope of U.S. intervention. 

1915 - The motion picture "Birth of a Nation" debuted in New York City. 

1918 - The Treaty of Brest Litovsky was signed by Germany, Austria and Russia. The treaty ended Russia's participation in World War I. 

1923 - The first issue of Time magazine was published. 

1930 - "Flying High" opened at the Apollo Theatre in New York City. 

1931 - The "Star Spangled Banner," written by Francis Scott Key, was adopted as the American national anthem. The song was originally a poem known as "Defense of Fort McHenry." 

1938 - A world record for the indoor mile run was set by Glenn Cunningham. He ran the distance in 4 minutes, 4.4 seconds. 

1939 - In Bombay, Ghandi began a fast to protest the state's autocratic rule. 

1941 - Moscow denounced the Axis rule in Bulgaria. 

1945 - Superman encountered Batman and Robin for the first time on the Mutual Broadcasting System. 

1945 - During World War II, Finland declared war on the Axis. 

1952 - "Whispering Streets" debuted on ABC Radio. 

1952 - The U.S. Supreme Court upheld New York's Feinberg Law that banned Communist teachers in the U.S. 

1956 - Morocco gained its independence. 

1959 - The San Francisco Giants had their new stadium officially named Candlestick Park. 

1969 - Apollo 9 was launched by NASA to test a lunar module. 

1969 - Sirhan Sirhan testified in a Los Angeles court that he killed Robert Kennedy. 

1973 - Japan disclosed its first defense plan since World War II. 

1974 - About 350 people died when a Turkish Airlines DC-10 crashed just after takeoff from Orly Airport in Paris. 

1978 - The remains of Charles Chaplin were stolen from his grave in Cosier-sur-Vevey, Switzerland. The body was recovered 11 weeks later near Lake Geneva. 

1980 - The submarine Nautilus was decommissioned. The vessels final voyage had ended on May 26, 1979. 

1985 - Women Against Pornography awarded its ‘Pig Award’ to Huggies Diapers. The activists claimed that the TV ads for diapers had "crossed the line between eye-catching and porn." 

1985 - The TV show "Moonlighting" premiered. 

1987 - The U.S. House of Representatives rejected a package of $30 million in non-lethal aid for the Nicaraguan Contras. 

1991 - 25 people were killed when a United Airlines Boeing 737-200 crashed while on approach to the Colorado Springs airport. 

1991 - Rodney King was severely beaten by Los Angeles police officers. The scene was captured on amateur video. (California) 

1994 - The Mexican government reached a peace agreement with the Chiapas rebels. 

1995 - A U.N. peacekeeping mission in Somalia ended. Several gunmen were killed by U.S. Marines in Mogadishu while overseeing the pull out of peacekeepers. 

1999 - In Egypt, 19 people were killed when a bus plunged into a Nile canal. 

1999 - Bertrand Piccard and Brian Jones began their attempt to circumnavigate the Earth in a hot air balloon non-stop. They succeeded on March 20, 1999.