Archives for: April 2014

February 1

1788 - Isaac Briggs and William Longstreet patented the steamboat.  1790 - The U.S. Supreme Court convened for the first time in New York City.  1793 - France declared war on Britain and Holland.  1793 - Ralph Hodgson patented oiled silk.  1861… more »

February 2

1536 - The Argentine city of Buenos Aires was founded by Pedro de Mendoza of Spain.  1653 - New Amsterdam, now known as New York City, was incorporated.  1802 - The first leopard to be exhibited in the United States was shown by Othello Pollard in… more »

February 3

1488 - The Portuguese navigator Bartholomeu Diaz landed at Mossal Bay in the Cape, the first European known to have landed on the southern extremity of Africa.  1690 - The first paper money in America was issued by the Massachusetts colony. The… more »

February 4

1783 - Britain declared a formal cessation of hostilities with its former colonies, the United States of America.  1789 - Electors unanimously chose George Washington to be the first president of the United States.  1824 - J.W. Goodrich introduced… more »

February 5

1782 - The Spanish captured Minorca from the British.  1783 - Sweden recognized the independence of the United States.  1846 - "The Oregon Spectator", based in Oregon City, became the first newspaper published on the Pacific coast.  1861 - Samuel… more »

February 6

1778 - The United States gained official recognition from France as the two nations signed the Treaty of Amity and Commerce and the Treaty of Alliance in Paris.  1788 - Massachusetts became the sixth state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.  1815 - The… more »

February 7

1795 - The 11th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified.  1818 - "Academician" began publication in New York City.  1877 - The first Guernsey Cattle Club was organized in New York City.  1882 - The last bareknuckle fight for the heavyweight… more »

February 8

1693 - A charter was granted for the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, VA.  1802 - Simon Willard patented the banjo clock.  1861 - The Confederate States of America was formed.  1861 - A Cheyenne delegation and some Arapaho leaders… more »

February 9

1825 - The U.S. House of Representatives elected John Quincy Adams president. No candidate had received a majority of electoral votes.  1861 - The Provisional Congress of the Confederate States of America elected Jefferson Davis as its president. … more »

February 10

1763 - The Treaty of Paris ended the French and Indian War. In the treaty France ceded Canada to England.  1840 - Britain's Queen Victoria married Prince Albert of Saxe Coburg-Gotha.  1846 - Members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints… more »

February 11

1752 - The Pennsylvania Hospital opened as the very first hospital in America.  1808 - Judge Jesse Fell experimented by burning anthracite coal to keep his house warm. He successfully showed how clean the coal burned and how cheaply it could be used as… more »

February 12

1541 - The city of Santiago, Chile was founded.  1554 - Lady Jane Grey was beheaded after being charged with treason. She had claimed the throne of England for only nine days.  1733 - Savannah, GA, was founded by English colonist James Oglethorpe. … more »

February 13

1542 - Catherine Howard was executed for adultery. She was the fifth wife of England's King Henry VIII.  1633 - Galileo Galilei arrived in Rome for trial before the Inquisition.  1635 - The Boston Public Latin School was established. It was the first… more »

February 14

1778 - The Stars and Stripes was carried to a foreign port, in France, for the first time. It was aboard the American ship Ranger.  1803 - Moses Coates received a patent for the apple parer.  1849 - The first photograph of a U.S. President, while in… more »

February 15

1758 - Mustard was advertised for the first time in America.  1764 - The city of St. Louis was established.  1799 - Printed ballots were authorized for use in elections in the state of Pennsylvania.  1842 - Adhesive postage stamps were used for the… more »

February 16

1741 - Benjamin Franklin published America’s second magazine, "The General Magazine and Historical Chronicle".  1804 - A raid was led by Lt. Stephen Decatur to burn the U.S. Navy frigate Philadelphia. The ship had been taken by pirates.  1857 - The… more »

February 17

1801 - The U.S. House of Representatives broke an electoral tie between Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr. Jefferson was elected president and Burr became vice president.  1817 - The first gaslit streetlights appeared on the streets of Baltimore, MD. … more »

February 18

1564 - The artist Michelanglelo died in Rome.  1685 - Robert Cavelier, Sieur de LaSalle established Fort St. Louis at Matagorda Bay, and thus formed the basis for France's claim toTexas.  1735 - The first opera performed in America. The work was… more »

February 19

1807 - Former U.S. Vice President Aaron Burr was arrested in Alabama. He was later tried and acquitted on charges of treason.  1846 - The formal transfer of government between Texas and the United States took place. Texas had officially become a state… more »

February 20

1673 - The first recorded wine auction took place in London.  1792 - U.S. President George Washington signed the Postal Service Act thereby creating the U.S. Post Office.  1809 - The U.S. Supreme Court ruled the power of the federal government was… more »

February 21

1804 - The first self-propelled locomotive on rails was demonstrated in Wales.  1842 - John J. Greenough patented the sewing machine.  1848 - The Communist Manifesto was published by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.  1858 - The first electric burglar… more »

February 22

1630 - Quadequine introduced popcorn to English colonists at their first Thanksgiving dinner.  1784 - "Empress of China", a U.S. merchant ship, left New York City for the Far East.  1819 - Spain ceded Florida to the United States.  1855 - The U.S.… more »

February 23

1574 - France began the 5th holy war against the Huguenots.  1660 - Charles XI became the king of Sweden.  1792 - The Humane Society of Massachusetts was incorporated.  1813 - The first U.S. raw cotton-to-cloth mill was founded in Waltham, MA.  1820… more »

February 24

1803 - The U.S. Supreme Court ruled itself to be the final interpreter of all constitutional issues.  1835 - "Siwinowe Kesibwi" (The Shawnee Sun) was issued as the first Indian language monthly publication in the U.S.  1839 - Mr. William S. Otis… more »

February 25

1570 - England's Queen Elizabeth I was excommunicated by Pope Pius V.  1751 - Edward Willet displayed the first trained monkey act in the U.S.  1793 - The department heads of the U.S. government met with U.S. President Washington for the first Cabinet… more »

February 26

1815 - Napoleon Bonaparte escaped from the Island of Elba. He then began his second conquest of France.  1848 - The second French Republic was proclaimed.  1863 - U.S. President Lincoln signed the National Currency Act.  1870 - In New York City, the… more »

February 27

1700 - The Pacific Island of New Britain was discovered.  1801 - The city of Washington, DC, was placed under congressional jurisdiction.  1827 - New Orleans held its first Mardi Gras celebration.  1861 - In Warsaw, Russian troops fired on a crowd… more »

February 28

1827 - The Baltimore & Ohio Railroad became the first railroad incorporated for commercial transportation of people and freight.  1844 - Several people were killed aboard the USS Princeton when a 12-inch gun exploded.  1849 - Regular steamboat… more »

February 29

1288 - Scotland established this day as one when a woman could propose marriage to a man. In the event that he refused the proposal he was required to pay a fine.  1860 - The first electric tabulating machine was invented by Herman Hollerith.  1904 -… more »