Archives for: March 2014

March 31

1492 - King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain issued the Alhambra edict expelling Jews who were unwilling to convert to Christianity.  1776 - Abigail Adams wrote to her husband John that women were "determined to foment a rebellion" if the new… more »

March 30

1533 - Henry VIII divorced his first wife, Catherine of Aragon.  1814 - The allied European nations against Napoleon marched into Paris.  1822 - Florida became a U.S. territory.  1842 - Dr. Crawford W. Long performed the first operation while his… more »

March 29

1461 - Edward IV secured his claim to the English thrown by defeating Henry VI’s Lancastrians at the battle of Towdon.  1638 - First permanent European settlement in Delaware was established.  1847 - U.S. troops under General Winfield Scott took… more »

March 28

1774 - Britain passed the Coercive Act against Massachusetts.  1797 - Nathaniel Briggs patented a washing machine.  1834 - The U.S. Senate voted to censure President Jackson for the removal of federal deposits from the Bank of the United States. … more »

March 27

1350 - While besieging Gibraltar, Alfonso XI of Castile died of the Black Death.  1794 - The U.S. Congress and President Washington authorized the creation of the U.S. Navy.  1802 - The Treaty of Amiens was signed ending the French Revolutionary War. … more »

March 26

1026 - Conrad II was crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope John XIX.  1799 - Napoleon captured Jaffa Palestine.  1780 - The British Gazette and Sunday Monitor was published for the first time. It was the first Sunday newspaper in Britain.  1793 - The… more »

March 25

0421 - The city of Venice was founded.  0708 - Constantine began his reign as Catholic Pope.  1306 - Robert the Bruce was crowned king of Scotland.  1409 - The Council of Pisa opened.  1609 - Henry Hudson left on an exploration for Dutch East India… more »

March 24

1379 - The Gelderse war ended.  1545 - German Parliament opened in Worms.  1550 - France and England signed the Peace of Boulogne.  1629 - The first game law was passed in the American colonies, by Virginia.  1664 - A charter to colonize Rhode… more »

March 23

1026 - Koenraad II crowned himself king of Italy.  1066 - The 18th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet took place.  1490 - The first dated edition of Maimonides "Mishna Torah" was published.  1657 - France and England formed an alliance… more »

March 22

1457 - Gutenberg Bible became the first printed book.  1622 - Indians attacked a group of colonist in the James River area of Virginia. 347 residents were killed.  1630 - The first legislation to prohibit gambling was enacted. It was in Boston, MA. … more »

March 21

1349 - 3,000 Jews were killed in Black Death riots in Efurt Germany.  1556 - Thomas Cranmer, the Archbishop of Canterbury, was burned at the stake at Oxford after retracting the last of seven recantations that same day.  1788 - Almost the entire city… more »

March 20

0141 - The 6th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet took place.  1413 - Henry V took the throne of England upon the death of his father Henry IV.  1525 - Paris' parliament began its pursuit of Protestants.  1602 - The United Dutch East India… more »

March 19

1571 - Spanish troops occupied Manila.  1628 - The Massachusetts colony was founded by Englishmen.  1644 - 200 members of the Peking imperial family/court committed suicide.  1687 - French explorer La Salle was murdered by his own men while searching… more »

March 18

0037 - The Roman Senate annuls Tiberius’ will and proclaims Caligula emperor.  1123 - The first Latern Council (9th ecumenical council) opened in Rome.  1190 - Crusaders killed 57 Jews in Bury St. Edmonds England.  1532 - The English parliament… more »

March 17

0461 - Bishop Patrick, St. Patrick, died in Saul. Ireland celebrates this day in his honor. (More about St. Patrick's Day)  1756 - St. Patrick's Day was celebrated in New York City for the first time. The event took place at the Crown and Thistle… more »

March 16

1190 - The Crusaders began the massacre of Jews in York, England.  1521 - Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan reached the Philippines. He was killed the next month by natives.  1527 - The Emperor Babur defeated the Rajputs at the Battle of Kanvaha… more »

March 15

44 BC - Roman Emperor Julius Caesar was assassinated by high ranking Roman Senators. The day is known as the "Ides of March."  1341 - During the Hundred Years War, an alliance was signed between Roman Emperor Louis IV and France's Philip VI.  1493 -… more »

March 14

1489 - Catherine Cornaro, Queen of Cyprus, sold her kingdom to Venice. She was the last of the Lusignan dynasty.  1629 - A Royal charter was granted to the Massachusetts Bay Colony.  1647 - During the Thirty Years War, France, Sweden, Bavaria and… more »

March 13

0483 - St. Felix III began his reign as Pope.  0607 - The 12th recorded passage of Halley's Comet occurred.  1519 - Cortez landed in Mexico.  1639 - Harvard University was named for clergyman John Harvard.  1660 - A statute was passed limiting the… more »

March 12

1496 - Jews were expelled from Syria.  1609 - The Bermuda Islands became an English colony.  1664 - New Jersey became a British colony. King Charles II granted land in the New World to his brother James (The Duke of York).  1755 - In North… more »

March 11

537 - The Goths began their siege on Rome.  1302 - The characters Romeo and Juliet were married this day according to William Shakespeare.  1649 - The peace of Rueil was signed between the Frondeurs (rebels) and the French government.  1665 - A new… more »

March 10

0241 BC - The Roman fleet sank 50 Carthaginian ships in the Battle of Aegusa.  0049 BC - Julius Caesar crossed the Rubicon and invaded Italy.  1496 - Christopher Columbus concluded his second visit to the Western Hemisphere when he left Hispaniola for… more »

March 9

1454 - Amerigo Vespucci was born in Florence, Italy. Matthias Ringmann, a German mapmaker, named the American continent in his honor.  1617 - The Treaty of Stolbovo ended the occupation of Northern Russia by Swedish troops.  1734 - The Russians took… more »

March 8

1618 - Johann Kepler discovered the third Law of Planetary Motion.  1702 - England's Queen Anne took the throne upon the death of King William III.  1782 - The Gnadenhutten massacre took place. About 90 Indians were killed by militiamen in Ohio in… more »

March 7

0322 BC - Aristotle, the Greek philosopher, died.  1774 - The British closed the port of Boston to all commerce.  1799 - In Palestine, Napoleon captured Jaffa and his men massacred more than 2,000 Albanian prisoners.  1848 - In Hawaii, the Great… more »

March 6

1521 - Ferdinand Magellan discovered Guam.  1808 - At Harvard University, the first college orchestra was founded.  1820 - The Missouri Compromise was enacted by the U.S. Congress and signed by U.S. President James Monroe. The act… more »

March 5

1623 - The first alcohol temperance law in the colonies was enacted in Virginia.  1624 - In the American colony of Virginia, the upper class was exempted from whipping by legislation.  1750 - "King Richard III" was performed in New York City. It was… more »

March 4

1634 - Samuel Cole opened the first tavern in Boston, MA.  1681 - England's King Charles II granted a charter to William Penn for an area that later became the state of Pennsylvania.  1766 - The British Parliament repealed the Stamp Act, which had… more »

March 3

1791 - The U.S. Congress passed a resolution that created the U.S. Mint.  1803 - The first impeachment trial of a U.S. Judge, John Pickering, began.  1812 - The U.S. Congress passed the first foreign aid bill.  1817 - The first commercial steamboat… more »

March 2

1807 - The U.S. Congress passed an act to "prohibit the importation of slaves into any port or place within the jurisdiction of theUnited States... from any foreign kingdom, place, or country."  1836 - Texas declared its independence from Mexico and… more »

March 1

1498 - Vasco de Gama landed at what is now Mozambique on his way to India.  1562 - In Vassy, France, Catholics massacred over 1,000 Huguenots. The event started the First War of Religion.  1692 - In Salem Village, in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the… more »