Archives for: November 2013

November 30

1016 - English King Edmund II died.  1700 - 8,000 Swedish troops under King Charles XII defeated an army of at least 50,000 Russians at the Battle of Narva. King Charles XII died on this day.  1782 - The United States and Britain signed preliminary… more »

November 29

1530 - Cardinal Thomas Wolsey, former adviser to England's King Henry VIII, died.  1864 - The Sand Creek Massacre occurred in Colorado when a militia led by Colonel John Chivington, killed at least 400 peaceful Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians who had… more »

November 28

1520 - Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan reached the Pacific Ocean after passing through the South American strait. The strait was named after him. He was the first European to sail the Pacific from the east.  1582 - William Shakespeare and Anne… more »

November 27

1684 - Japan's shogun Yoshimune Tokugawa was born.  1701 - Anders Celsius was born in Sweden. He was the inventor of the Celsius thermometer.  1779 - The College of Pennsylvania became the University of Pennsylvania. It was the first legally… more »

November 26

1716 - The first lion to be exhibited in America went on display in Boston, MA.  1731 - English poet William Cowper was born. He is best known for "The Poplar Trees" and "The Task."  1789 - U.S. President Washington set aside this day to observe the… more »

November 25

1716 - The first lion to be exhibited in America went on display in Boston, MA.  1731 - English poet William Cowper was born. He is best known for "The Poplar Trees" and "The Task."  1789 - U.S. President Washington set aside this day to observe the a… more »

November 24

1615 - French King Louis XIII married Ann of Austria. They were both 14 years old.  1859 - Charles Darwin, a British naturalist, published "On the Origin of Species." It was the paper in which he explained his theory of evolution through the process of… more »

November 23

1765 - Frederick County, MD, repudiated the British Stamp Act.  1835 - Henry Burden patented the horseshoe manufacturing machine.  1889 - The first jukebox made its debut in San Francisco, at the Palais Royale Saloon.  1890 - Princess Wilhelmina… more »

November 22

1699 - A treaty was signed by Denmark, Russia, Saxony and Poland for the partitioning of the Swedish Empire.  1718 - English pirate Edward Teach (a.k.a. "Blackbeard") was killed during a battle off the coast of North Carolina. British soldiers cornered… more »

November 21

1620 - The Mayflower reached Provincetown, MA. The ship discharged the Pilgrims at Plymouth, MA, on December 26, 1620.  1694 - French author and philosopher Jean Francois Voltaire was born. At age 65 he spent only three days writing "Candide."  1783 -… more »

November 20

1789 - New Jersey became the first state to ratify the Bill of Rights.  1818 - Simon Bolivar formally declared Venezuela independent of Spain.  1873 - Budapest was formed when the rival cities of Buda and Pest were united to form the capital of… more »

November 19

1794 - Britain's King George III signed the Jay Treaty. It resolved the issues left over from the Revolutionary War.  1850 - The first life insurance policy for a woman was issued. Carolyn Ingraham, 36 years old, bought the policy in Madison, NJ. … more »

November 18

1477 - William Caxton produced "Dictes or Sayengis of the Philosophres," which was the first book to be printed in England.  1820 - Captain Nathaniel Palmer became the first American to sight the continent of Antarctica.  1865 - Samuel L. Clemens… more »

November 17

1558 - Elizabeth I ascended the English throne upon the death of Queen Mary Tudor.  1603 - Sir Walter Raleigh went on trial for treason.  1796 - Catherine the Great of Russia died at the age of 67.  1798 - Irish nationalist leader Wolfe Tone… more »

November 16

1776 - British troops captured Fort Washington during the American Revolution.  1864 - Union Gen. William T. Sherman and his troops began their "March to the Sea" during the U.S. Civil War.  1885 - Canadian rebel Louis Riel was executed for high… more »

November 15

1777 - The Continental Congress approved the Articles of Confederation, precursor to the U.S. Constitution.  1806 - Explorer Zebulon Pike spotted the mountaintop that became known as Pikes Peak.  1867 - the first stock ticker was unveiled in New York… more »

November 14

1832 - The first streetcar went into operation in New York City, NY. The vehicle was horse-drawn and had room for 30 people.  1851 - Herman Melville's novel "Moby Dick" was first published in the U.S.  1881 - Charles J. Guiteau's trial began for the… more »

November 13

1775 - During the American Revolution, U.S. forces captured Montreal.  1789 - Benjamin Franklin wrote a letter to a friend in which he said, "In this world nothing can be said to be certain, except death and taxes."  1805 - Johann George Lehner, a… more »

November 12

1799 - Andrew Ellicott Douglass witnesses the Leonids meteor shower from a ship off the Florida Keys.  1815 - American suffragist Elizabeth Cady Stanton was born in Johnstown, NY.  1840 - Sculptor Auguste Rodin was born in Paris. His most widely known… more »

November 11

1620 - The Mayflower Compact was signed by the 41 men on the Mayflower when they landed in what is now Provincetown Harbor near Cape Cod. The compact called for "just and equal laws."  1831 - Nat Turner, a slave and educated minister, was hanged in… more »

November 10

1775 - The U.S. Marines were organized under authority of the Continental Congress. The Marines went out of existence after the end of the Revolutionary War in April of 1783. The Marine Corps were formally re-established on July 11, 1798. This day is… more »

November 9

1857 - The "Atlantic Monthly" first appeared on newsstands and featured the first installment of "The Autocrat of the Breakfast Table" by Oliver Wendell Holmes.  1872 - A fire destroyed about 800 buildings in Boston, MA.  1906 - U.S. President… more »

November 8

1656 - Edmond Halley was born. Halley, an astronomer-mathmatician, was the first to calculate the orbit that was named after him. The comet makes an appearance every 76 years.  1793 - The Louvre Museum, in Paris, opened to the public for the first… more »

November 7

1637 - Anne Hutchinson, the first female religious leader in the American colonies, was banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony for heresy.  1665 - "The London Gazette" was first published.  1811 - The Shawnee Indians of chief Tecumseh were… more »

November 6

1789 - Father John Carroll was appointed as the first Roman Catholic bishop in the United States of America.  1832 - Joseph Smith, III, was born. He was the first president of the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. He was also the… more »

November 5

1605 - The "Gunpowder Plot" attempted by Guy Fawkes failed when he was captured before he could blow up the English Parliament. Guy Fawkes Day is celebrated every November 5th in Britain to celebrate his failure to blow up all the members of Parliament… more »

November 4

1842 - Abraham Lincoln married Mary Todd in Springfield, IL.  1846 - The patent for the artificial leg is granted to Benjamin Palmer.  1880 - James and John Ritty patented the first cash register.  1922 - In Egypt, Howard Carter discovered the entry… more »

November 3

1507 - Leonardo DaVinci was commissioned by the husband of Lisa Gherardini to paint her. The work is known as the Mona Lisa.  1631 - The Reverend John Eliot arrived in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. He was the first Protestant minister to dedicate… more »

November 2

1721 - Peter the Great (Peter I), ruler of Russia, changed his title to emperor.  1776 - During the American Revolutionary War, William Demont, became the first traitor of the American Revolution when he deserted.  1783 - U.S. Gen. George Washington… more »

November 1

1512 - Michelangelo's paintings on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel were first exhibited to the public.  1604 - "Othello," the tragedy by William Shakespeare, was first presented at Whitehall Palace in London.  1611 - "The Tempest," Shakespeare's… more »