Archives for: October 2013

October 31

1517 - Martin Luther posted the 95 Theses on the door of the Wittenberg Palace Church. The event marked the start of the Protestant Reformation in Germany.  1860 - Juliette Low, the founder off the Girl Scouts, was born.  1864 - Nevada became the 36th… more »

October 30

1735 - John Adams, the second President of the United States, was born in Braintree, MA. His son became the sixth President of the U.S.  1817 - The independent government of Venezuela was established by Simon Bolivar.  1831 - Escaped slave Nat Turner… more »

October 29

1618 - Sir Walter Raleigh was beheaded under a sentence that had been brought against him 15 years earlier for conspiracy against King James I.  1652 - The Massachusetts Bay Colony proclaimed itself to be an independent commonwealth.  1682 - William… more »

October 28

1636 - Harvard College was founded in Massachusetts. The original name was Court of Massachusetts Bay Colony. It was the first school of higher education in America.  1776 - The Battle of White Plains took place during the American Revolutionary War. … more »

October 27

1659 - William Robinson and Marmaduke Stevenson became the first Quakers to be executed in America.  1787 - The first of the Federalist Papers were published in the New York Independent. The series of 85 essays, written by Alexander Hamilton, James… more »

October 26

1774 - The First Continental Congress of the U.S. adjourned in Philadelphia.  1825 - The Erie Canal opened in upstate New York. The 363-mile canal connected Lake Erie and the Hudson River at a cost of $7,602,000.  1854 - Charles William Post was born.… more »

October 25

1415 - In Northern France, England won the Battle of Agincourt over France during the Hundred Years' War. Almost 6000 Frenchmen were killed while fewer than 400 were lost by the English.  1812 - During the War of 1812, the U.S. frigate United… more »

October 24

1537 - Jane Seymour, the third wife of England's King Henry VIII, died after giving birth to Prince Edward. Prince Edward became King Edward VI.  1632 - Scientist Anthony van Leeuwenhoek was born in Delft, Holland. He created the first microscope… more »

October 23

1864 - During the U.S. Civil War, Union forces led by Gen. Samuel R. Curtis defeated the Confederate forces in Missouri that were under Gen. Stirling Price.  1910 - Blanche S. Scott became the first woman to make a public solo airplane flight in the… more »

October 22

746 - The College of New Jersey was officially chartered. It later became known as Princeton University.  1797 - Andre-Jacques Garnerin made the first recorded parachute jump. He made the jump from about 3,000 feet.  1836 - Sam Houston was inaugurated… more »

October 21

1797 - "Old Ironsides," the U.S. Navy frigate Constitution, was launched in Boston's harbor.  1805 - The Battle of Trafalgar occurred off the coast of Spain. The British defeated the French and Spanish fleet.  1849 - The first tattooed man, James F.… more »

October 20

1740 - Maria Theresa became the ruler of Austria, Hungary and Bohemia with the death of her father, Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI.  1774 - The new Continental Congress, the governing body of America’s colonies, passed an order proclaiming that all… more »

October 19

1765 - In the U.S., The Stamp Act Congress met and drew up a declaration of rights and liberties.  1781 - British General Charles Lord Cornwallis surrendered to U.S. General George Washington at Yorktown, Virginia. It was to be the last major battle of… more »

October 18

1469 - Ferdinand of Aragon married Isabella of Castile. The marriage united all the dominions of Spain.  1685 - King Louis XIV of France revoked the Edict of Nantes, which had established the legal toleration of the Protestant population.  1767 - The… more »

October 17

1777 - American troops defeated British forces in Saratoga, NY. It was the turning point in the American Revolutionary War.  1888 - The first issue of "National Geographic Magazine" was released at newsstands.  1931 - Al Capone was convicted on income… more »

October 16

1701 - The Collegiate School was founded in Killingworth, CT. The school moved to New Haven in 1745 and changed its name to Yale College.  1829 - In Boston, MA, the first modern hotel in America opened. The Tremont Hotel had 170 rooms that rented for… more »

October 15

1815 - Napoleon Bonaparte began his exile on the remote island of St. Helena in the Atlantic Ocean.  1860 - Grace Bedell, 11 years old, wrote a letter to presidential candidate Abraham Lincoln. The letter stated that Lincoln would look better if he… more »

October 14

1066 - The Battle of Hastings occurred in England. The Norman forces of William the Conqueror defeated King Harold II of England. 1879 - Thomas Edison signed an agreement with Jose D. Husbands for the sale of Edison telephones in Chile.  1887 - Thomas… more »

October 13

54 A.D. - The Roman emperor Claudius I died after being poisoned by his wife, Agrippina.  1775 - The U.S. Continental Congress ordered the construction of a naval fleet.  1792 - The cornerstone of the Executive Mansion was laid in Washington, DC. The… more »

October 12

1492 - Christopher Columbus, an Italian explorer, sighted Watling Island in the Bahamas. He believed that he had found Asia while attempting to find a Western ocean route to India. The same day he claimed the land for Isabella and Ferdinand of Spain. … more »

October 11

1776 - During the American Revolution the first naval battle of Lake Champlain was fought. The forces under Gen. Benedict Arnold suffered heavy losses.  1811 - The Juliana, the first steam-powered ferryboat, was put into operation by the inventor John… more »

October 10

1845 - The United States Naval Academy opened in Annapolis, MD.  1865 - The billiard ball was patented by John Wesley Hyatt.  1886 - The tuxedo dinner jacket made its U.S. debut in New York City.  1887 - Thomas Edison organized the Edison Phonograph… more »

October 9

1635 - Roger Williams, founder of Rhode Island, was banished from Massachusetts because he had spoken out against punishments for religious offenses and giving away land that belonged to the Indians. Williams had founded Providence, Rhode Island as a… more »

October 8

1895 - The Berliner Gramophone Company was founded in Philadelphia, PA.  1904 - "Little Johnny Jones" opened in Hartford, CT.  1915 - During World War I, the Battle of Loos concluded.  1918 - U.S. Corporal Alvin C. York almost single-handedly killed… more »

October 7

1765 - Nine American colonies sent a total of 28 delegates to New York City for the Stamp Act Congress. The delegates adopted the "Declaration of Rights and Grievances."  1777 - During the American Revolution the second Battle of Saratoga began.  1868… more »

October 6

1683 - The first Mennonites arrived in America aboard the Concord. The German and Dutch families settled in an area that is now a neighborhood in Philadelphia, PA.  1847 - "Jane Eyre" by Charlotte Bronte was first published in London.  1848 - The… more »

October 5

1813 - Chief Tecumseh of the Shawnee Indians was killed at the Battle of Thames when American forced defeated the British and the allied Indian warriors.  1877 - Chief Joseph of the Nez Perce Indians surrendered to the U.S. Army after a 1,000-mile… more »

October 4

1535 - The first complete English translation of the Bible was printed in Zurich, Switzerland.  1648 - The first volunteer fire department was established in New York by Peter Stuyvesant.  1777 - At Germantown, PA, Patriot forces and British forces… more »

October 3

1863 - U.S. President Lincoln declared that the last Thursday of November would be recognized as Thanksgiving Day.  1888 - "The Yeomen of the Guard" was performed for the first time. It was the first of 423 shows.  1893 - The motor-driven vacuum… more »

October 2

1492 - King Henry VII of England invaded France.  1780 - British army major John Andre was hanged as a spy. He was carrying information about the actions of Benedict Arnold.  1835 - The first battle of the Texas Revolution took place near the… more »

October 1

1569 - The Duke of Norfolk was imprisoned by Britain's Queen Elizabeth for trying to marry Mary the Queen of Scots.  1800 - Spain ceded the territory of Louisiana back to France. Later the property would be purchased by the U.S. effectively doubling… more »