Archives for: July 2013

July 31

1498 - Christopher Columbus, on his third voyage to the Western Hemisphere, arrived at the island of Trinidad.  1790 - The first U.S. patent was issued to Samuel Hopkins for his process for making potash and pearl ashes. The substance was used in… more »

July 30

1502 - Christopher Columbus landed at Guanaja in the Bay Islands off the coast of Honduras during his fourth voyage.  1619 - The first representative assembly in America convened in Jamestown, VA. (House of Burgesses)  1729 - The city of Baltimore was… more »

July 29

1588 - The English defeated the Spanish Armada in the Battle of Gravelines.  1754 - The first international boxing match was held. The 25-minute match was won when Jack Slack of Britain knocked out Jean Petit from France.  1773 - The first schoolhouse… more »

July 28

1821 - Peru declared its independence from Spain.  1865 - The American Dental Association proposed its first code of ethics.  1866 - The metric system was legalized by the U.S. Congress for the standardization of weights and measures throughout the… more »

July 27

1214 - At the Battle of Bouvines in France, Philip Augustus of France defeated John of England.  1245 - Frederick II was deposed by a council at Lyons after they found him guilty of sacrilege.  1663 - The British Parliament passed a second Navigation… more »

July 26

1775 - A postal system was established by the 2nd Continental Congress of the United States. The first Postmaster General was Benjamin Franklin.  1788 - New York became the 11th state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.  1881 - Thomas Edison and Patrick… more »

July 25

0326 - Constantine refused to carry out the traditional pagan sacrifices.  1394 - Charles VI of France issued a decree for the general expulsion of Jews from France.  1564 - Maximillian II became emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.  1587 - Japanese… more »

July 24

1847 - Mormon leader Brigham Young and his followers arrived in the valley of the Great Salt Lake in present-day Utah.  1847 - Richard M. Hoe patented the rotary-type printing press.  1849 - Georgetown University in Washington, DC, presented its first… more »

July 23

1715 - The first lighthouse in America was authorized for construction at Little Brewster Island, Massachusetts.  1827 - The first swimming school in the U.S. opened in Boston, MA.  1829 - William Burt patented the typographer, which was the first… more »

July 22

1376 - The legend of the Pied Piper of Hamelin leading rats out of town is said to have occurred on this date.  1587 - A second English colony was established on Roanoke Island off North Carolina. The colony vanished under mysterious circumstances. … more »

July 21

1733 - John Winthrop was granted the first honorary Doctor of Law Degree given by Harvard College in Cambridge, MA.  1831 - Belgium became independent as Leopold I was proclaimed King of the Belgians.  1861 - The first major battle of the U.S. Civil… more »

July 20

1801 - A 1,235 pound cheese ball was pressed at the farm of Elisha Brown, Jr. The ball of cheese was later loaded on a horse-driven wagon and presented to U.S. President Thomas Jefferson at the White House.  1810 - Colombia declared independence from… more »

July 19

1525 - The Catholic princes of Germany formed the Dessau League to fight against the Reformation.  1553 - Fifteen-year-old Lady Jane Grey was deposed as Queen of England after claiming the crown for nine days. Mary, the daughter of King Henry VIII, was… more »

July 18

0064 - The Great Fire of Rome began.  1536 - The authority of the pope was declared void in England.  1743 - "The New York Weekly Journal" published the first half-page newspaper ad.  1789 - Robespierre, a deputy from Arras, France, decided to back… more »

July 17

1212 - The Moslems were crushed in the Spanish crusade.  1453 - France defeated England at Castillon, France, which ended the 100 Years' War.  1785 - France limited the importation of goods from Britain.  1815 - Napoleon Bonaparte surrendered to the… more »

July 16

1765 - Prime Minister of England Lord Greenville resigned and was replaced by Lord Rockingham.  1774 - Russia and the Ottoman Empire signed the treaty of Kuchuk-Kainardji, ending their six-year war.  1779 - American troops under General Anthony Wayne… more »

July 15

1099 - Jerusalem fell to the Crusaders.  1410 - Poles and Lithuanians defeated the Teutonic knights at Tannenburg, Prussia.  1789 - The electors of Paris set up a "Commune" to live without the authority of the government.  1806 - Lieutenant Zebulon… more »

July 14

1223 - In France, Louis VIII succeeded his father, Philip Augustus.  1430 - Joan of Arc, taken prisoner by the Burgundians in May, was handed over to Pierre Cauchon, the bishop of Beauvais.  1456 - Hungarians defeated the Ottomans at the Battle of… more »

July 13

1099 - The Crusaders launched their final assault on Muslims in Jerusalem.  1534 - The Ottoman armies captured Tabriz in northwestern Persia.  1558 - Led by the court of Egmont, the Spanish army defeated the French at Gravelines, France.  1585 - A… more »

July 12

1096 - Crusaders under Peter the Hermit reached Sofia, Bulgaria. There they met their Byzantine escort, which brought them safely the rest of the way to Constantinople. by August 1.  1543 - England's King Henry VIII married his sixth and last wife,… more »

July 11

1346 - Charles IV of Luxembourg was elected Holy Roman Emperor in Germany.  1533 - Henry VIII, who divorced his wife and became head of the church of England, was excommunicated from the Catholic Church by Pope Clement VII.  1708 - The French were… more »

July 10

1609 - The Catholic states in Germany set up a league under the leadership of Maximillian of Bavaria.  1679 - The British crown claimed New Hampshire as a royal colony.  1776 - The statue of King George III was pulled down in New York City.  1778 -… more »

July 9

0118 - Hadrian, Rome's new emperor, made his entry into the city.  0455 - Avitus, the Roman military commander in Gaul, became Emperor of the West.  1540 - England's King Henry VIII had his 6-month-old marriage to his fourth wife, Anne of Cleves,… more »

July 8

1099 - Christian soldiers on the First Crusade march around Jerusalem.  1608 - The first French settlement at Quebec was established by Samuel de Champlain.  1663 - King Charles II of England granted a charter to Rhode Island.  1693 - Uniforms for… more »

July 7

1754 - Kings College opened in New York City. It was renamed Columbia College 30 years later.  1846 - U.S. annexation of California was proclaimed at Monterey after the surrender of a Mexican garrison.  1862 - The first railroad post office was tested… more »

July 6

1483 - King Richard III of England was crowned.  1699 - Captain William Kidd, the pirate, was captured in Boston, MA, and deported back to England.  1777 - British forces captured Fort Ticonderoga during the American Revolution.  1854 - In Jackson,… more »

July 5

1806 - A Spanish army repelled the British during their attempt to retake Buenos Aires, Argentina.  1811 - Venezuela became the first South American country to declare independence from Spain.  1814 - U.S. troops under Jacob Brown defeated a superior… more »

July 4

1776 - The amended Declaration of Independence, prepared by Thomas Jefferson, was approved and signed by John Hancock, the President of the Continental Congress in America.  1802 - The U.S. Military Academy officially opened at West Point, NY.  1803 -… more »

July 3

1608 - The city of Quebec was founded by Samuel de Champlain.  1775 - U.S. Gen. George Washington took command of the Continental Army at Cambridge, MA.  1790 - In Paris, the marquis of Condorcet proposed granting civil rights to women.  1844 -… more »

July 2

1298 - An army under Albert of Austria defeated and killed Adolf of Nassua near Worms, Germany.  1625 - The Spanish army took Breda, Spain, after nearly a year of siege.  1644 - Lord Cromwell crushed the Royalists at the Battle of Marston Moor near… more »

July 1

0096 - Vespasian, a Roman Army leader, was hailed as a Roman Emperor by the Egyptian legions.  1543 - England and Scotland signed the peace of Greenwich.  1596 - An English fleet under the Earl of Essex, Lord Howard of Effingham and Francis Vere… more »