Archives for: May 2013

May 31

1433 - Sigismund was crowned emperor of Rome.  1854 - The Kansas-Nebraska Act passed by the U.S. Congress.  1859 - The Philadelphia Athletics were formally organized to play the game of Town Ball.  1859 - In London, Big Ben went into operation. The… more »

May 30

1416 - Jerome of Prague was burned as a heretic by the Church.  1431 - Joan of Arc was burned at the stake in Rouen, France, at the age of 19.  1527 - The University of Marburg was founded in Germany.  1539 - Hernando de Soto, the Spanish explorer,… more »

May 29

1453 - Constantinople fell to Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II, ending the Byzantine Empire.  1660 - Charles II was restored to the English throne after the Puritan Commonwealth.  1721 - South Carolina was formally incorporated as a royal colony.  1765 -… more »

May 28

585 BC - Thales Miletus predicted a solar eclipse.  585BC - The Persian-Lydian battle ended.  1533 - England's Archbishop declared the marriage of King Henry VIII to Anne Boleyn valid.  1774 - The First Continental Congress convened in Virginia. … more »

May 27

1647 - Achsah Young, a resident of Windsor, CT, was executed for being a "witch." It was the first recorded American execution of a "witch."  1668 - Three colonists were expelled from Massachusetts for being Baptists.  1813 - Americans captured Fort… more »

May 26

0017 - Germanicus of Rome celebrated his victory over the Germans.  1328 - William of Ockham was forced to flee from Avignon by Pope John XXII.  1521 - Martin Luther was banned by the Edict of Worms because of his religious beliefs and writings. … more »

May 25

585 BC - The first known prediction of a solar eclipse was made in Greece.  1085 - Alfonso VI took Toledo, Spain from the Moslems.  1787 - The Constitutional convention opened in Philadelphia with George Washington presiding.  1810 - Argentina… more »

May 24

1543 - Nicolaus Copernicus published proof of a sun-centered solar system.  1607 - Captain Christopher Newport and 105 followers found the colony of Jamestown at the mouth of the James River on the coast of Virginia.  1610 - Sir Thomas Gates… more »

May 23

1430 - Joan of Arc was captured by Burgundians. She was then sold to the English.  1533 - Henry VIII’s marriage to Catherine of Aragon was declared null and void.  1618 - The Thirty Years War began when three opponents of the Reformation were thrown… more »

May 22

1246 - Henry Raspe was elected anti-king by the Rhenish prelates in France.  1455 - King Henry VI was taken prisoner by the Yorkists at the Battle of St. Albans, during the War of the Roses.  1570 - Abraham Ortelius published the first modern atlas in… more »

May 21

0996 - Sixteen year old Otto III was crowned the Roman Emperor.  1471 - King Henry VI was killed in the tower of London. Edward IV took the throne.  1536 - The Reformation was officially adopted in Geneva, Switzerland.  1542 - Hernando de Soto died… more »

May 20

0325 - The Ecumenical council was inaugurated by Emperor Constantine in Nicea, Asia Minor.  1303 - A peace treaty was signed between England and France over the town of Gascony.  1347 - Cola di Rienzo took the title of tribune in Rome.  1506 - In… more »

May 19

1535 - French explorer Jacques Cartier set sail for North America.  1536 - Anne Boleyn, the second wife of England's King Henry VIII, was beheaded after she was convicted of adultery.  1568 - After being defeated by the Protestants, Mary the Queen of… more »

May 18

1302 - The weaver Peter de Coningk led a massacre of the Flemish oligarchs.  1642 - Montreal, Canada, was founded.  1643 - Queen Anne, the widow of Louis XIII, was granted sole and absolute power as regent by the Paris parliament, overriding the late… more »

May 17

1540 - Afghan chief Sher Khan defeated Mongul Emperor Humayun at Kanauj.  1630 - Italian Jesuit Niccolo Zucchi saw the belts on Jupiter's surface.  1681 - Louis XIV sent an expedition to aid James II in Ireland. As a result, England declares war on Fr… more »

May 16

1770 - Marie Antoinette, at age 14, married the future King Louis XVI of France, who was 15.  1866 - The U.S. Congress authorized the first 5-cent piece to be minted.  1868 - U.S. President Andrew Johnson was acquitted during the Senate impeachment, b… more »

May 15

1602 - Cape Cod was discovered by Bartholomew Gosnold.  1614 - An aristocratic uprising in France ended with the treaty of St.Menehould.  1618 - Johannes Kepler discovered his harmonics law.  1702 - The War of Spanish Succession began.  1768 - Under… more »

May 14

1264 - King Henry III was captured by his brother in law Simon deMontfort at the Battle of Lewes in France.  1509 - In the Battle of Agnadello, French defeated Venitians in Northern Italy.  1610 - French King Henri IV (Henri de Navarre) was… more »

May 13

1607 - Jamestown, Virginia, was settled as a colony of England.  1648 - Margaret Jones of Plymouth was found guilty of witchcraft and was sentenced to be hanged by the neck.  1779 - The War of Bavarian Succession ended.  1787 - Captain Arthur Phillip… more »

May 12

1588 - King Henry III fled Paris after Henry of Guise triumphantly entered the city.  1780 - Charleston, South Carolina fell to British forces.  1831 - Edward Smith became the first indicted bank robber in the U.S.  1847 - William Clayton invented… more »

May 11

0330 - Constantinople, previously the town of Byzantium, was founded.  1573 - Henry of Anjou became the first elected king of Poland.  1647 - Peter Stuyvesant arrived in New Amsterdam to become governor.  1689 - French and English naval battle takes… more »

May 10

1503 - Christopher Columbus discovered the Cayman Islands.  1676 - Bacon's Rebellion, which pits frontiersmen against the government, began.  1768 - The imprisonment of the journalist John Wilkes as an outlaw provoked violence in London. Wilkes was… more »

May 9

1429 - Joan of Arc defeated the besieging English at Orleans.  1502 - Christopher Columbus left Spain for his final trip to the Western Hemisphere.  1671 - Thomas "Captain" Blood stole the crown jewels from the Tower of London.  1754 - The first… more »

May 8

1096 - Peter the Hermit and his army reached Hungary. They passed through without incident.  1450 - Jack Cade's Rebellion-Kentishmen revolted against King Henry VI.  1541 - Hernando de Soto reached the Mississippi River. He called it Rio de Espiritu… more »

May 7

0558 - The dome of the church of St. Sophia in Constantinople collapsed. It was immediately rebuilt as ordered by Justinian.  1274 - The Second Council of Lyons opened in France to regulate the election of the pope.  1429 - The English siege of… more »

May 6

1527 - German troops began sacking Rome, bringing about the end of the Renaissance.  1529 - Babur defeated the Afghan Chiefs in the Battle of Ghagra, India.  1576 - The peace treaty of Chastenoy ended the fifth war of religion.  1682 - King Louis XIV… more »

May 5

1494 - Christopher Columbus sighted Jamaica on his second trip to the Western Hemisphere. He named the island Santa Gloria.  1798 - U.S. Secretary of War William McHenry ordered that the USS Constitution be made ready for sea. The frigate was launched… more »

May 4

1471 - In England, the Yorkists defeated the Landcastrians at the battle of Tewkesbury in the War of the Roses.  1493 - Alexander VI divided non-Christian world between Spain and Portugal.  1626 - Dutch explorer Peter Minuit landed on Manhattan… more »

May 3

1568 - French forces in Florida slaughtered hundreds of Spanish.  1802 - Washington, DC, was incorporated as a city.  1855 - Macon B. Allen became the first African American to be admitted to the Bar in Massachusetts.  1859 - France declared war on… more »

May 2

1519 - Leonardo da Vinci died.  1670 - The Hudson Bay Company was founded by England's King Charles II.  1776 - France and Spain agreed to donate arms to American rebels fighting the British.  1797 - A mutiny in the British navy spread from Spithead… more »

May 1

0408 - Theodosius II succeeded to the throne of Constantinople.  1308 - King Albert was murdered by his nephew John, because he refused his share of the Habsburg lands.  1486 - Christopher Columbus convinced Queen Isabella to fund an expedition to the… more »