Archives for: April 2013

April 30

0030 - Jesus of Nazareth was crucified.  0313 - Licinius unified the whole of the eastern empire under his own rule.  1250 - King Louis IX of France was ransomed for one million dollars.  1527 - Henry VIII and King Francis of France signed the treaty… more »

April 29

1289 - Qala'un, the Sultan of Egypt, captured Tripoli.  1429 - Joan of Arc lead Orleans, France, to victory over Britain.  1661 - The Chinese Ming dynasty occupied Taiwan.  1672 - King Louis XIV of France invaded the Netherlands.  1813 - Rubber was… more »

April 28

0357 - Constantius II visited Rome for the first time.  1282 - Villagers in Palermo led a revolt against French rule in Sicily.  1635 - Virginia Governor John Harvey was accused of treason and removed from office.  1686 - The first volume of Isaac… more »

April 27

1296 - The Scots were defeated by Edward I at the Battle of Dunbar.  1509 - Pope Julius II excommunicated the Italian state of Venice.  1521 - Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan was killed by natives in the Philippines.  1565 - The first Spanish… more »

April 26

1478 - Pazzi conspirators attacked Lorenzo and kill Giuliano de'Medici.  1514 - Copernicus made his first observations of Saturn.  1607 - The British established an American colony at Cape Henry, Virginia. It was the first permanent English… more »

April 25

1590 - The Sultan of Morocco launched his successful attack to capture Timbuktu.  1644 - The Ming Chongzhen emperor committed suicide by hanging himself.  1684 - A patent was granted for the thimble.  1707 - At the Battle of Almansa, Franco-Spanish… more »

April 24

1519 - Envoys of Montezuma II attended the first Easter mass in Central America.  1547 - Charles V's troops defeated the Protestant League of Schmalkalden at the battle of Muhlburg.  1558 - Mary, Queen of Scotland, married the French dauphin,… more »

April 23

0303 - Perseus was arrested, tortured, and put to death.  1348 - The first English order of knighthood was founded. It was the Order of the Garter.  1500 - Pedro Cabal claimed Brazil for Portugal.  1521 - The Comuneros were crushed by royalist troops… more »

April 22

1500 - Portuguese navigator Pedro Alvares Cabral discovered Brazil.  1509 - Henry VIII ascended to the throne of England upon the death of his father Henry VII.  1529 - Spain and Portugal divided the eastern hemisphere in Treaty of Saragosa.  1745 -… more »

April 21

753 BC - Today is the traditional date of the foundation of Rome.  43 BC - Marcus Antonius was defeated by Octavian near Modena, Italy.  1526 - Mongol Emperor Babur annihilated the Indian Army of Ibrahim Lodi.  1649 - The Maryland Toleration Act was… more »

April 20

1139 - The Second Lateran Council opened in Rome.  1534 - Jacques Cartier, a French explorer, set sail from St. Malo to explore the North American coastline.  1653 - In England, Oliver Cromwell expelled the Long Parliament for trying to pass the… more »

April 19

1012 - Aelfheah was murdered by Danes who had been ravaging the south of England. Aelfhear became the 29th Archbishop of Canterbury in 1005.  1539 - Emperor Charles V reached a truce with German Protestants at Frankfurt, Germany.  1587 - English… more »

April 18

1521 - Martin Luther confronted the emperor Charles V in the Diet of Worms and refused to retract his views that led to his excommunication.  1676 - Sudbury, Massachusetts, was attacked by Indians.  1775 - American revolutionaries Paul Revere, William… more »

April 17

1492 - Christopher Columbus signed a contract with Spain to find a passage to Asia and the Indies.  1521 - Martin Luther was excommunicated from the Roman Catholic Church.  1524 - New York Harbor was discovered by Giovanni Verrazano.  1535 - Antonio… more »

April 16

0069 - Otho committed suicide after being defeated by Vitellius' troops at Bedriacum.  0556 - Pelagius I began his reign as Catholic Pope.  1065 - The Norman Robert Guiscard took Bari. Five centuries of Byzantine rule in southern Italy ended.  1175 -… more »

April 15

1784 - The first balloon was flown in Ireland.  1794 - "Courrier Francais" became the first French daily newspaper to be published in the U.S.  1813 - U.S. troops under James Wilkinson attacked the Spanish-held city of Mobile that would be in the… more »

April 14

1775 - The first abolitionist society in U.S. was organized in Philadelphia with Ben Franklin as president.  1793 - A royalist rebellion in Santo Domingo was crushed by French republican troops.  1828 - The first edition of Noah Webster's dictionary… more »

April 13

1598 - King Henry IV of France signed the Edict of Nantes which granted political rights to French Protestant Huguenots.  1759 - The French defeated the European allies in Battle of Bergen.  1775 - Lord North extended the New England Restraining Act… more »

April 12

1096 - Peter the Hermit gathered his army in Cologne.  1204 - The Fourth Crusade sacked Constantinople.  1606 - England adopted the original Union Jack as its flag.  1770 - The British Parliament repealed the Townsend Acts.  1782 - The British navy… more »

April 11

1512 - The forces of the Holy League were heavily defeated by the French at the Battle of Ravenna.  1689 - William III and Mary II were crowned as joint sovereigns of Britain.  1713 - The Treaty of Utrecht was signed, ending the War of Spanish… more »

April 10

1741 - Frederick II of Prussia defeated Maria Theresa's forces at Mollwitz and conquered Silesia.  1790 - The U.S. patent system was established.  1809 - Austria declared war on France and its forces entered Bavaria.  1814 - Napoleon was defeated at… more »

April 9

0193 - In the Balkans, the distinguished soldier Septimius Seversus was proclaimed emperor by the army in Illyricum.  0715 - Constantine ended his reign as Catholic Pope.  1241 - In the Battle of Liegnitz, Mongol armies defeated the Poles and the… more »

April 8

1513 - Explorer Juan Ponce de Leon claimed Florida for Spain.  1525 - Albert von Brandenburg, the leader of the Teutonic Order, assumes the title "Duke of Prussia" and passed the first laws of the Protestant church, making Prussia a Protestant state. … more »

April 7

1652 - The Dutch established a settlement at Cape Town, South Africa.  1712 - A slave revolt broke out in New York City.  1798 - The territory of Mississippi was organized.  1862 - Union General Ulysses S. Grant defeated Confederates at the Battle of… more »

April 6

1199 - English King Richard I was killed by an arrow at the siege of the castle of Chaluz in France.  1789 - The first U.S. Congress began regular sessions at the Federal Hall in New York City.  1814 - Granted sovereignty in the island of Elba and a… more »

April 5

1242 - Russian troops repelled an invasion attempt by the Teutonic Knights.  1614 - American Indian Pocahontas married English colonist John Rolfe in Virginia.  1621 - The Mayflower sailed from Plymouth, MA, on a return trip to England.  1792 - U.S.… more »

April 4

0896 - Formosus ended his reign as pope.  1541 - Ignatius of Loyola became the first superior-general of the Jesuits.  1581 - Francis Drake completed the circumnavigation of the world.  1687 - King James II ordered that his declaration of indulgence… more »

April 3

1513 - Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de Leon landed in Florida. He had sighted the land the day before.  1776 - George Washington received an honorary Doctor of Laws degree from Harvard College .  1829 - James Carrington patented the coffee mill.  1860… more »

April 2

1513 - Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de Leon sighted Florida. The next day he went ashore.  1792 - The U.S. Congress passed the Coinage Act to regulate the coins of the United States. The act authorized $10 Eagle, $5 half-Eagle & 2.50 quarter-Eagle… more »

April 1

0527 - Justinianus became the emperor of Byzantium.  1572 - The Sea Beggars under Guillaume de la Marck landed in Holland and captured the small town of Briel.  1578 - William Harvey of England discovered blood circulation.  1621 - The Plymouth, MA,… more »