“Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God,
(Which he had promised afore by his prophets in the holy scriptures,)
Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, which was made of the seed of David according to the flesh; “
I want to welcome those of you who are new to my Bible study.
You will find that I mostly use the KJV - King James Version.
I do use other versions as well and have no problem with it.
I would encourage you to read my text on - “Which Bible Should We Read?”
It is believed Paul probably wrote this letter around 58-60A.D.
Paul was on his third missionary journey.
He was in the house of Gaius.
He wrote this while in Corinth and probably sent this letter to Rome by a born again christian woman known as Phebe.
” I commend unto you Phebe our sister, which is a servant of the church which is at Cenchrea: “ Romans 16:1
Phebe was a servant in the church of Cenchrea to the women of the church.
Cenchrea was located on the sea coast near Corinth.
Imagine this woman, this sister in the Lord Jesus Christ carrying the letter Paul wrote to the Romans that would become so widely read and discussed, criticized and challenged by both the religious and the secular world for centuries to come.
Obviously, the Catholic church claims that Peter started this church in Rome.
The Bible does not indicate that Peter even made it to Rome. If he had, surely the Bible would have said so.
Paul just said about whoever started this church;
” Yea, so have I strived to preach the gospel, not where Christ was named, lest I should build upon another man’s foundation: “ Romans 15:20
I cannot with valid basis argue whether Peter started this church or not.
Scripture does not even reveal to us whether the one who started the church at Rome was an “apostle".
Obviously it was someone who believed in Jesus since Paul said to them;
” Among whom are ye also the called of Jesus Christ:
To all that be in Rome, beloved of God, called to be saints: Grace to you and peace from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ.
First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all, that your faith is spoken of throughout the whole world. “ Romans 1:6-8
Paul already had friends in Rome that he acknowledges in Romans chapter 16.
The book of Romans has had great influence on people.
1.) Romans influenced Augustine in his conversion to Jesus in 386A.D.
2.) For Martin Luther, Romans was a “gateway to Heaven.”
3.) John Wesley was converted to Jesus while listening to Martin Luther’s preface to Romans.
The church at Rome comprised both Jews who were converted to Jesus and Gentiles who were converted to Jesus.
Paul for sure identifies himself as the author of this book.
“Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle,”
Paul was once known as Saul.
Jesus called him Saul;
“ …Saul, Saul, why persecutes thou me?“ Acts 9:4
Paul was a Benjamite, born in Tarsus… in Asia Minor.
Paul was also a Pharisee educated in Jerusalem.
He was also a Roman citizen.
Paul was once a persecutor of born again Christians, those who followed Jesus.
Paul became a born again christian.
Luke wrote about Paul quoting Paul saying;
“Men, brethren, and fathers, hear ye my defence which I make now unto you.
(And when they heard that he spake in the Hebrew tongue to them, they kept the more silence: and he saith,)
I am verily a man which am a Jew, born in Tarsus, a city in Cilicia, yet brought up in this city at the feet of Gamaliel, and taught according to the perfect manner of the law of the fathers, and was zealous toward God, as ye all are this day.
And I persecuted this way unto the death, binding and delivering into prisons both men and women.
As also the high priest doth bear me witness, and all the estate of the elders: from whom also I received letters unto the brethren, and went to Damascus, to bring them which were there bound unto Jerusalem, for to be punished. “ Acts 22:1-5
Paul became a preacher and writer of the gospel of Jesus Christ.
” And straightway he preached Christ in the synagogues, that he is the Son of God. “Acts 9:20
As far as canonization of the Scriptures, the letter to the Romans was placed at the beginning of Paul’s letters.
Probably because of the doctrinal content within.
The book of Romans does the following;
1.) Romans teaches of God’s wrath against sin
2.) Romans declares the world to be guilty of sin
3.) Romans teaches that the world needs to be forgiven of sin and needs salvation through Jesus Christ.
4.) Romans teaches how God deals with Jews and gentiles.
5.) Romans teaches even though no human being is good there is a way to be righteous and that is through faith in Jesus Christ.
In studying Romans we will learn about the Biblical doctrines of election, being chosen, predestination and eternal security. Let’s not forget the Biblical truth that Israel is “God’s chosen” and most of them still ended up in hell and will. Judas, one of Jesus’ disciples was also “chosen” and still ended up in hell.
In studying Romans we will learn that salvation and continued salvation hinges on faith and continuance in the faith.
In studying Romans we will learn that the Law does not save a soul but faith in Jesus does.
Paul said he was;
” called to be an apostle,”
The Greek word “apostolos” translated ” apostle” means an ambassador of the gospel, a commissioner of Christ, a delegate, one who is sent.
If there are any “apostles” today, they would clearly be recognized in their proclamations and witnessed and confirmed by God‘s Holy Spirit in us.
A true “apostle” would not be embarrassed or ashamed to preach that Jesus is the only way to Heaven since obviously he or she would be sent of God to proclaim this truth about Jesus.
Since the gospel of Jesus Christ includes everything listed here;
“Now ye are the body of Christ, and members in particular.
And God hath set some in the church, first apostles, secondarily prophets, thirdly teachers, after that miracles, then gifts of healings, helps, governments, diversities of tongues. “ 1 Corinthians 12:27-28
then obviously a church leader who would deny or reject anything in this list would be a fraud.
I will continue with this soon.